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Genus Epimartyria

Goldcap Moss-eater Moth - Epimartyria auricrinella Goldcap Moss-eater Moth - Epimartyria auricrinella Pennsylvania Moth - Epimartyria auricrinella Vashon BioBlitz 2013 - Epimartyria bimaculella? - Epimartyria bimaculella Moth - Epimartyria bimaculella Moth - Epimartyria bimaculella Moth - Epimartyria bimaculella Moth - Epimartyria bimaculella
Show images of: caterpillars · adults · both
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Lepidoptera (Butterflies and Moths)
Superfamily Micropterigoidea (Mandibulate Archaic Moths)
Family Micropterigidae (Mandibulate Archaic Moths)
Genus Epimartyria
Explanation of Names
Epimartyria Walsingham, 1898
Numbers
Three Epimartyria species occur in America north of Mexico.(1)
Size
4 to 6 mm long.
Identification
The three North American species of Epimartyria have light orangish-brown long-haired (scaled) or mop-like heads, sometimes called Goldcap Moss-eaters. Like all Micropterigidae, Epimartyria have no proboscis, but chewing mouth parts and mandibles.

All 3 species have dark wings with copper, purple and red iridescence:
1. Wings with no marks .............................................. E. auricrinella
2. Wings with two yellow spots ..................................... E. bimaculella
3. Wings with four yellow spots .................................... E. pardella


key to spp. in(1)
Range
E. auricrinella widespread in ne. US (to so. Appalachians) and adjacent eastern Canada; British Columbia and adjacent Washington
E. bimaculella and E. pardella along the Pacific (BC-WA & OR-n.CA, respectively)(1)
Habitat
Moist habitats in or near forests.
Season
Generally May to August
Food
Liverwort and possibly mosses.
Life Cycle
Studies done on Epimartyria pardella indicate that all three species have a two year life cycle. Moths are day flying and stay within 30 cm (1 foot) of their food plants - liverworts. They drink water and will die within two days without it. Eggs are laid on the underside of liverwort ‘leaves’ and take 3 weeks to hatch. Larvae are semi-aquatic and can withstand periodic flooding.
Remarks
*Adults have articulated mandibles instead of coiled probosis.
Internet References