Identification, Images, & Information
For Insects, Spiders & Their Kin
For the United States & Canada

Species Ethmia bittenella - Hodges#0994


A review of the genus Ethmia, with descriptions of new species
By Harrison G. Dyar
Journal of the New York Entomological Society, 10: 202-208, 1902

A new Florida Ethmia moth (Lepidoptera: Oecophoridae)
By J. B. Heppner
Tropical Lepidoptera, 2(1): 69-72, 1991

Biological studies on moths of the genus Ethmia in California (Gelechioidea)
By Jerry A. Powell
The Lepidopterists' Society 25(3): 1-167, 1971
Full text PDF (6.42 MB)

A systematic monograph of New World ethmiid moths (Lepidoptera: Gelechioidea).
By Jerry A. Powell
Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology 120: 1-312, 1973

Notes on Microlepidoptera with descriptions of new species
By Braun, A.F.
Entomological news, 32: 8-18, 1923
Braun, A.F., 1923. Notes on Microlepidoptera with descriptions of new species. Entomological news, and proceedings of the Entomological Section of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia, 32: 8-18.

Phylogeny and feeding trait evolution of the mega-diverse Gelechioidea (Lepidoptera: Obtectomera)...
By Sohn, J.C., J.C. Regier, C. Mitter, D. Adamski, J.F. Landry, M. Heikkilä, K.T. Park, T. Harrison, K. Mitter, A. Zwick, A.Y. Kaw
Systematic Entomology, 41(1): 112–132., 2016
Sohn, J.C., J.C. Regier, C. Mitter, D. Adamski, J.F. Landry, M. Heikkilä, K.T. Park, T. Harrison, K. Mitter, A. Zwick, A.Y. Kawahara, S. Cho, M.P. Cummings & P. Schmitz, 2016. Phylogeny and feeding trait evolution of the mega-diverse Gelechioidea (Lepidoptera: Obtectomera): new insight from 19 nuclear genes. Systematic Entomology, 41(1): 112–132.

Abstract and link to fee based access here.

cite:1412991

Microlepidoptera of Northern Utah
By Braun, Annette
Transactions of the American Entomological Society, 51(3), 183-226, 1925
Descriptions of new species, including: Isophrictis occidentalis, Aristotelia amelanchierella, Aristotelia planitia, Gnorimoschema consueta, Gnorimoschema macromaculata, Gelechia fructuaria, Gelechia prognosticata, Brachmia casca.

Available online (requires JSTOR access) here

Morphology reinforces proposed molecular phylogenetic affinities: a revised classification for Gelechioidea (Lepidoptera)
By Heikkilä, M., Mutanen, M., Kekkonen, M. and Kaila, L.
Cladistics 30: 563–589, 2014
Heikkilä, M., M. Mutanen, M. Kekkonen & L. Kaila, 2014 [2013], Morphology reinforces proposed molecular phylogenetic affinities: a revised classification for Gelechioidea (Lepidoptera). Cladistics, 30: 563–589. doi: 10.1111/cla.12064

Abstract here

As of 2015, this was the most current revision of Gelechioidea. A summary of the revision is found on p. 585. As of 2016, the phylogeny of Gelechioidea remains in flux with a paper published by Sohn et al. (2016) (1) adding new insights.

cite:1203686