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Species Phrudocentra centrifugaria - Hodges#7051

Emerald Moth - Phrudocentra centrifugaria Emerald - Phrudocentra centrifugaria Emerald Moth - Phrudocentra centrifugaria - female Unsual 7051 Phrudocentra centrifugaria FL Polk co Ewell Rd Sept 15 2013 - Phrudocentra centrifugaria - female Phrudocentra centrifugaria  - Phrudocentra centrifugaria Phrudocentra centrifugaria 910632.00 - Phrudocentra centrifugaria - female 910632.00 – 7051  - Phrudocentra centrifugaria
Show images of: caterpillars · adults · both
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Lepidoptera (Butterflies and Moths)
Superfamily Geometroidea (Geometrid and Swallowtail Moths)
Family Geometridae (Geometrid Moths)
Subfamily Geometrinae (Emeralds)
Tribe Nemoriini
Genus Phrudocentra
Species centrifugaria (Phrudocentra centrifugaria - Hodges#7051 )
Hodges Number
7051
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Phrudocentra centrifugaria (Herrich-Schäffer, 1870) (1)
Geometra centrifugaria Herrich-Schäffer, 1870
Geometra protactaria Herrich-Schäffer, 1870
Eucrostis hollandaria (Hulst, 1886)
Eucrostis jaspidtaria (Hulst, 1886)
Racheospila anomalaria (Moschler, 1890)
Synchlora viridipurpurea (Hulst, 1898)
Eachloris hezerospila (Hampson, 1904)
* see notes under Remarks
Numbers
The only species found in America north of Mexico.(1)
Size
Ferguson (1985) reported the forewing length. (1)
♂ 11-13 mm.
♀ 12-13 mm.
Identification
Sexually dimorphic species.
Forewing and hindwing of females usually have large brown circles from 3 mm or more in diameter that are filled with white or a white and brown mixture. Often there are multiple circles that are joined together. Sometimes they are absent in females. Males lack these circles.
Dorsal of abdomen has a series of small spots that are white or brown and white.
Palpi are rose colored and extremely long. (1)


female


male
Range
Florida north to the Gainesville area. (2), (3)
The record from Arizona on Moth Photographers group may be a stray or error?
Also found in Bahamas through the Great Antilles to Puerto Rico.(1)
Moth Photographers Group - large map with some distribution data.
Season
Heppner (2003) reported February to November in Florida. (2)
Moth Photographers Group adds December for Florida. (4)
Food
Heppner (2003) reported the host is unknown in North America. (2)
Remarks
The many synonyms resulted from the sexual dimorphism and variability of the species. The males and females were once treated as different species.(1)
See Also
This species is not likely to be confused with others in North America.
Compare to related species on the archived photos of living moths and pinned plates of Moth Photographers Group.
Print References
Ferguson, D.C., 1969. A revision of the moths of the subfamily Geometrinae of America north of Mexico (Insecta, Lepidoptera). Peabody Museum of Natural History Yale University Bulletin 29: 121. (5)
Ferguson, D.C., 1985. The Moths of America North of Mexico, Fascicle 18.1: Geometroidea, Geometridae (Part), Geometrinae. The Wedge Entomological Research Foundation, p. 70; pl. 3, figs. 36-38.(1)
Hulst, G.D., 1886. New species of Geometridae No. 2. Entomologica Americana. p. 122.