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Species Anthanassa texana - Texan Crescent - Hodges#4476

Texan Crescent - Anthanassa texana Texan Crescent - Anthanassa texana Gorgeous butterfly - Anthanassa texana Texan Crescent - Anthanassa texana Texan Crescent - Anthanassa texana UnknownButterfly100 - Anthanassa texana Anthanassa texana Seminole Texan Crescent Butterfly - Anthanassa texana
Show images of: caterpillars · adults · both
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Lepidoptera (Butterflies and Moths)
Superfamily Papilionoidea (Butterflies and Skippers)
Family Nymphalidae (Brush-footed Butterflies)
Subfamily Nymphalinae (Crescents, Checkerspots, Anglewings, etc.)
Tribe Melitaeini
Genus Anthanassa (Crescents)
Species texana (Texan Crescent - Hodges#4476)
Hodges Number
4476
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Phyciodes texana
Numbers
one of 6 species in this genus in North America.
two subspecies: A. t. seminole; A. t. texana
Size
Wingspan 32-48 mm (1 1/4 to 1 7/8 ")
Identification
Forewing indented below the tip. Upperside of hindwing with median band of cream-colored spots. Upperside of forewing with rusty red and white spots.
Range
Mostly southern US: CA, NM, TX, AZ, across southern gulf states into FL. Strays have been recorded as far north as ND.
Habitat
Southern open areas and desert.
Food
Caterpillars feed on herbaceous members of the Acanthaceae (Acanthus family), including Ruellia (Mexican Petunia), Jacobina, Dicliptera, Beloperone (Shrimp Plant), and Siphonoglossa.
Life Cycle
Eggs are laid in clusters on the undersides of host plant leaves.
Remarks
Scott (1) describes a southeastern subspecies (ssp seminole) with orange forewing bases, and western subspecies (ssp texana) with darker bases.

Courting males fly in loops above the females.
Works Cited
1.The Butterflies of North America: A Natural History and Field Guide
James A. Scott. 1992. Stanford University Press.