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Species Xestobium rufovillosum - Deathwatch Beetle

Death-Watch Beetle - Xestobium rufovillosum Death-Watch Beetle - Xestobium rufovillosum Death-Watch Beetle - Xestobium rufovillosum Death-Watch Beetle - Xestobium rufovillosum Death-Watch Beetle - Xestobium rufovillosum
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Coleoptera (Beetles)
Suborder Polyphaga (Water, Rove, Scarab, Long-horned, Leaf and Snout Beetles)
Superfamily Bostrichoidea (Carpet, Powder-post and Death-watch Beetles)
Family Ptinidae (Death-watch and Spider Beetles)
Subfamily Ernobiinae
Tribe Xestobiini
Genus Xestobium
Species rufovillosum (Deathwatch Beetle)
Explanation of Names
Xestobium rufovillosum (DeGeer 1774)
common name is derived from adults tapping on wood to attract a mate: males and females call each other by striking the surface of wood, which some interpreted as death knocking at the door(1)
Size
6–7.5 mm(1)
Range
subcosmopolitan, native to Europe, adventive in NA(2)(3) [New England, IL(4)]
Habitat
in oak and especially wood that has been previously attacked by decay fungi; indoors it usually infests wood that has been exposed to excessive moisture(1)
Life Cycle
takes 2–3 (up to 10) years; adults do not feed and live about 10 weeks(1)
Remarks
adults probably do not fly, but can raise wing covers and flutter hind wings; tapping is usually heard in spring when adults emerge(1)
Works Cited
1.Handbook of urban insects and arachnids: A handbook of urban entomology
Robinson W.H. 2005. Cambridge University Press.
2.American Beetles, Volume II: Polyphaga: Scarabaeoidea through Curculionoidea
Arnett, R.H., Jr., M. C. Thomas, P. E. Skelley and J. H. Frank. (eds.). 2002. CRC Press LLC, Boca Raton, FL.
3.Death-watch and spider beetles of Wisconsin—Coleoptera: Ptinidae
Arango, R.A. and D.K. Young. 2012. General Technical Report FPL-GTR-209. Madison, WI: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Forest Products Laboratory.
4.A Catalog of the Coleoptera of America North of Mexico. Family: Anobiidae.
White, R.E. 1982. USDA-ARS, Washington, DC. xi + 59 pp.