6 spp. in our area, ~60 total(1)
~15-25 mm; M. leschenaulti up to 35 mm
Large, fuzzy, bee-mimicking robber flies. Resemble Laphria, another genus of robbers that mimic bumblebees, but is even hairier and has antennae with a very thin terminal final segment, whereas Laphria has thick antennae.
neotropical group ranging into so. US(1)
; M. orcina
occurs in eastern United States (north to MD-IN-KS-AZ); M. bomboides
, in southeast; M. atra
, in Florida; M. leschenaulti
and M. fautrix
, in the southwest and Texas.
Open areas, meadows, etc.
Predatory on other insects, including large bees, wasps.
Eggs are reported by some sources to be laid in ground (see note below). Larvae reported to be
ectoparasites of scarab beetles.
Eggs of M. leschenaulti laid on upright stems but the larva are soil living. Sometimes concentrated in animal pens with dung and decay or in compost heaps.
given that the related genus Megaphorus
lays eggs in a mass on a stem, more research is needed to see if perhaps all, or most, Mallophora
share this habit. In particular, M. ruficauda
is reported to be a parasitoid
of scarab beetles, and the deposition of eggs above ground is thought to aid in dispersal of the larvae and access to hosts (Castelo and Corley, 2004). Quoting from that reference:
lays eggs in clusters on tall vegetation. Upon eclosion
, pollen-sized larvae fall and parasitize soil-dwelling scarab beetle larvae. We hypothesized that wind dissemination of M. ruficauda
larvae is important in the host-finding process and that females lay eggs at heights that maximize parasitism of its concealed host.
Castelo M.K., Corley J.C. (2004) Oviposition behavior in the robber fly Mallophora ruficauda
(Diptera: Asilidae). Ann. Ent. Soc. Am. 97: 1050-1054 (abstract