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Species Cydia pomonella - Codling Moth - Hodges#3492

3492 - Cydia pomonella Codling Moth - Cydia pomonella Codling Moth - Cydia pomonella 3492 – Cydia pomonella – Codling Moth  - Cydia pomonella moth07-17-14a - Cydia pomonella Olethreutinae, dorsal - Cydia pomonella Olethreutinae, lateral - Cydia pomonella Cydia pomonella
Show images of: caterpillars · adults · both
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Lepidoptera (Butterflies and Moths)
Superfamily Tortricoidea (Tortricid Moths)
Family Tortricidae (Tortricid Moths)
Subfamily Olethreutinae
Tribe Grapholitini
Genus Cydia
Species pomonella (Codling Moth - Hodges#3492)
Hodges Number
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Cydia pomonella (Linnaeus, 1758)
Phalaena Tinea pomonella Linnaeus, 1758
Explanation of Names
Specific epithet from Pomona, the Roman the goddess of fruit trees.
Forewing length 7.5-10 mm. (1)
Adults - brown with a bluish pattern consisting of parallel striae, and the ocellar patch is coppery brown with transverse bars edged by black (1)
Occurs everywhere apples are grown, even isolated trees in urban yards. (1)
April through November. (2)
Larvae feed on apples, pears, stone fruits and even walnuts. (1)
Life Cycle
Winter is passed as prepupal larvae in tough cocoons affixed to tree bark or ground litter. Adults emerge in spring to oviposit on new leaves or very young fruit. Larvae enter the fruit to lodge in seed capsules, and at maturity tunnel out again, leaving conspicuous holes that rot. Two to four generations per year. (1)
Newly hatched larvae chew their way through apple skins. Once well inside, it seals off the entry point with silk, fruit pulp, and droppings. Then it begins to feast on the developing seeds, which induces the fruit to prematurely ripen.(3)
Introduced to North America in colonial times and reaching the Pacific coast by 1872. One of the most notorious lepidopterans worldwide that will destroy 95% of apples in any given orchard if left unchecked. Likely native of Eurasia, introduced into Europe centuries before its discovery. (1)
A parasitoid that attacks this moth is Itoplectis conquisitor. This ichneumon is attracted by the scents from flowering plants in orchards, but only when nectar is available.(4)
Print References
Linnaeus, C., 1758. Systema Naturae, 10th ed. (270): 538. (5)
Works Cited
1.Moths of Western North America
Powell and Opler. 2009. UC Press.
2.Field Guide to Moths of Eastern North America
Charles V. Covell, Jr. 2005.
3.Hidden Company that Trees Keep: Life from Treetops to Root Tips
James B. Nardi. 2023. Princeton University Press.
4.Insect Ecology: Behavior, Populations and Communities
P. W. Price, R. F. Denno, M. D. Eubanks. 2011. Cambridge University Press.
5.Systema Naturae, 10th ed.
Carolus Linnaeus (Carl Linné). 1758.
6.North American Moth Photographers Group
7.BOLD: The Barcode of Life Data Systems