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Genus Entypus

Is this spider wasp Entypus unifasciatus - Entypus unifasciatus - male Pepsis - Entypus fulvicornis - - Entypus unifasciatus - male Pepsis? - Entypus aratus - female Tarantula Hawk??? - Entypus Black wasp with orange antennae - Entypus unifasciatus Spider wasp - Entypus unifasciatus Entypus fulvicornis
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Hymenoptera (Ants, Bees, Wasps and Sawflies)
No Taxon (Aculeata - Ants, Bees and Stinging Wasps)
Superfamily Pompiloidea (Spider Wasps, Velvet Ants and allies)
Family Pompilidae (Spider Wasps)
Subfamily Pepsinae
Tribe Pepsini (Tarantula-hawk Wasps and Allies)
Genus Entypus
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Priocnemioides is used in Townes(1)(1957).
Explanation of Names
Entypus Dahlbom, 1843
Numbers
7 spp. (and 7 sspp.) in our area:(1)(2)
1. Entypus angusticeps: TX
2. Entypus aratus: western (AZ, ID, KS, NM, TX, UT)
3a. Entypus austrinus austrinus: CO, KS, TX
3b. Entypus austrinus fuscatus: AL, KS
4. Entypus fulvicornis: primarily eastern (AL, AR, DC, FL, GA, IA, IL, IN, KS, LA, MD, MO, MS, NC, NE, NJ, NY, OH, PA, SC, TN, TX, VA) and NM
5. Entypus magnus: eastern (GA, TX, NC, NJ, NY)
6a. Entypus texanus atripennis: LA
6b. Entypus texanus texanus: western (AZ, CA, KS, NM, OK, TX)
7b. Entypus unifasciatus cressoni: KS & UT, south to TX & AZ
7c. Entypus unifasciatus unifasciatus: CT & NY south to FL, west to WI, IL, & TX
Size
Medium to large wasps, not quite rivaling Pepsis or Hemipepsis, but most exceed 20 mm and some may attain lengths of almost 30 mm.
Identification
Size range of over 20mm to nearly 30mm is one of the best clues.
More technically they belong to the subfamily Pepsinae, tribe Pepsini which is defined by the following characters: groove in 2nd sternite, crease on side of 1st tergite marking off an epipleuron, serrate hind tibiae, at least a partially exposed labrum, concave sides of 1st tergite (look dorsally), spines on end of hind tibia of equal size and spacing.
Subtle wing venation and other characters used to separate genera and species, see Townes(1)(1957) for this information (and keys plus brief species descriptions/discussions).


Wing venation

Overview of Species
Species groups are separated as follows:(1)
fulvicornis group: brush on hind tibia interrupted, strong nipples on fore coxa, second sternite of temale with tubercles, all species in range with orange antennae
E. angusticeps, E. fulvicornis, & E. unifasciatus
magnus group: brush on hind tibia not interrupted, weak nipples on fore coxa, second sternite of female lacking tubercles, most species in range with black antennae (orange only in E. magnus)
E. aratus, E. austrinus E. magnus, & E. texanus

Species follow the following trends based on antennal and wing coloration:
Black antennae and black wings: E. austrinus fuscatus & E. texanus atripennis
Black antennae and orange wings: E. aratus, E. austrinus austrinus, & E. texanus texanus
Orange antennae and black wings: E. fulvicornis & E. magnus
Orange antennae and orange wings: E. angusticeps, E. unifasciatus californicus, E. unifasciatus cressoni
Orange antennae and distinctly banded wings: E. unifasciatus unifasciatus (black, apex with orange band)
Range
The genus is found practically transcontinentally, but some species have restricted ranges.
Habitat
Open areas, woodland edges; never found in deep woods.
Season
found later in the season (late summer-early autumn)
Food
Adults frequently visit flowers, especially umbellifers and Solidago spp. Adults provision a pre-existing cavity (or modification of a pre-existing) cavity generally with a Lycosid spider, though other similar families such as Agelenids are also reported.
Life Cycle
one generation per year in most of the US
Works Cited
1.Nearctic Wasps of the Subfamilies Pepsinae and Ceropalinae
Henry K. Townes. 1957. Smithsonian Institute Press (Bulletin 209).
2.Catalog of Hymenoptera in America North of Mexico
Karl V. Krombein, Paul D. Hurd, Jr., David R. Smith, and B. D. Burks. 1979. Smithsonian Institution Press.