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TaxonomyBrowse
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Genus Eumenes

Potter Wasp - Eumenes crucifera Vespidae - Eumenes -? - Eumenes smithii - male Eumenes fraternus? - Eumenes fraternus wasp? - Eumenes Potter Wasp - Eumenes fraternus ?Eumenes fraternus - Eumenes Possible Microdynerus arenicolus - Eumenes bollii Potter wasp near Helianthus annuus stand - Eumenes crucifera - female
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Hymenoptera (Ants, Bees, Wasps and Sawflies)
No Taxon (Aculeata - Ants, Bees and Stinging Wasps)
Superfamily Vespoidea (Yellowjackets and Hornets, Paper Wasps; Potter, Mason and Pollen Wasps and allies)
Family Vespidae (Yellowjackets and Hornets, Paper Wasps; Potter, Mason and Pollen Wasps)
Subfamily Eumeninae (Potter and Mason Wasps)
Genus Eumenes
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
New World fauna reviewed in (1)
Explanation of Names
Eumenes Latreille 1802
prob. from the name of winged goddesses of vengeance in Greek mythology; literally means 'gracious, kind'
Numbers
8 spp. in our area, 16 in the New World (all Eumenes s.str.), ~110 (and ~50 sspp.) in 2 subgenera total(1)

1. E. americanus: AZ, AR, CO, KS, MO, NE, NM, TX
2. E. bequaerti Grandinete & Carpenter 2018 (=brunneus Isely 1917 nec Spinola 1851), not yet in the guide: CO
3. E. bollii: western (AZ, CA, CO, IA, ID, KS, MD, MN, MO, MT, NM, NV, OK, OR, TX, UT, WA)
4. E. consobrinus: western (AZ, CA, CO, ID, MT, NM, OR, UT, WA WY)
5. E. crucifera: transcontinental (Canada: AB, BC, MB, NB, NS, NT, QC, ON; United States: AZ, CA, CO, CT, ID, IL, IN, KY, MA, ME, MI, MN, MO, ND, NH, NJ, NM, NV, NY, OH, OR, PE, SC, SD, UT, VT, WA, WI, WY)
6. E. fraternus: eastern (Canada: NT, ON; United States: AL, AR, CT, DC, FL, GA, IA, IL, IN, LA, KS, MA, MD, MI, MN, MO, MS, NB, NC, NH, NJ, NY, OR, OK, PA, SC, TN, TX, VA, WI, WV)
7. E. smithii: eastern (AL, FL, GA, KS, MS, NC, OK, TN, TX)
8. E. verticalis: transcontinental (Canada: AB, BC, MB, ON, QC, SK; United States: AZ, CA, CT, CO, DC, DE, ID, IL, IN, MA, MD, MN, MO, NC, ND, NH, NJ, NM, NV, NY, OK, OR, PA, SD, UT, VA, WI, WV, WY)
Size
~13-18 mm
Identification
key to Nearctic species in(1)(2)
key to eastern spp.(3)
Range
worldwide(3)
Food
Larvae feed on caterpillars or beetle larvae
Life Cycle
Female makes a pot of clay as a nest, places eggs on wall of cell, then provisions it with moth and beetle larvae

Larva (with caterpillars) -- pupa -- adult


Pupal development
Works Cited
1.Taxonomic review of Eumenes Latreille, 1802 (Hymenoptera, Vespidae, Eumeninae) from the New World
Grandinete Y.C., Noll F.B., Carpenter J. 2018. Zootaxa 4459: 1-52.
2.A key to and notes on the Eumenes of America north of Mexico (Hymenoptera: Eumenidae)
Mac Lachlan W.B. 1980. J. Kans. Ent. Soc. 53: 617-621.
3.Identification Atlas of the Vespidae (Hymenoptera, Aculeata) of the Northeastern Nearctic Region
Matthias Buck, Stephen A. Marshall, and David K. B. Cheung. 2008. Biological Survey of Canada [Canadian Journal of Arthropod Identification].