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Species Parahypenodes quadralis - Masked Parahypenodes - Hodges#8430

8430 - Masked Parahypenodes - Parahypenodes quadralis masked parahypenodes - Parahypenodes quadralis Parahypenodes quadralis  - Parahypenodes quadralis Parahypenodes quadralis Black Spotted Gray Moth - Parahypenodes quadralis Parahypenodes quadralis Another Masked Parahypenodes? - Parahypenodes quadralis 9/19/19 - Parahypenodes quadralis
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Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Lepidoptera (Butterflies and Moths)
Superfamily Noctuoidea (Owlet Moths and kin)
Family Erebidae
Subfamily Hypenodinae
Genus Parahypenodes
Species quadralis (Masked Parahypenodes - Hodges#8430)
Hodges Number
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Parahypenodes quadralis Barnes & McDunnough(1), 1918
placed in subfamily Hypenodinae by Hodges (1983)
placed in subfamily Hypeninae by Kitching and Rawlins (1999)
Phylogenetic sequence # 930667 (2)
Barnes & McDunnough (1918) listed the wingspan 18 mm.
Barnes & McDunnough (1918) original description is displayed and online in the print references.
    "Primaries dull ochreous gray, shaded with deep smoky; t.a. line single, dark, irregular, arising from small dark costal blotch, bent inward below costa with prominent outward bulge in the submedian fold; t.p. line single, dentate, squarely exserted around cell, then strongly inwardly oblique to a point on the middle of inner margin; at the end of cell a square blackish patch, the most prominent feature of the maculation; subterminal area dark smoky, the terminal area pale grayish, the difference between the two shades defining the s.t. line which is in general parallel to outer margin with a slight bulge opposite cell; outer margin slightly crenulate with dark terminal line; fringes dull ochreous, cut with smoky. Secondaries deep smoky with traces of a darker oblique line crossing from costa near apex to inner margin above anal angle. Beneath smoky, secondaries paler in basal area with traces of a curved post-median line."
Nova Scotia(3) to Florida, east to Tennessee, north to Wisconsin and Ontario.
Primary syntype male from Quebec, St. John's Co., St Therese Island.
Moist and sandy places; adults are nocturnal and come to light and bait. [Handfield]
The adults fly from June to September in the south; late June and July in the north (Quebec).
The host is unknown.
Life Cycle
One generation per year.
Parahypenodes quadralis is seldom seen or collected; status is unknown in several parts of its range due to lack of information on its occurrence
Print References
Barnes & McDunnough, 1918. Contributions to the Natural History of the Lepidoptera of North America. 4 (2): 124; pl. 18, fig. 6.
Handfield, L., 1999. Les Guides des Papillons du Quebec. Broquet. 662 pp.
Works Cited
1.James Halliday McDunnough (1877 -1962) A biographical obituary and bibliography
Douglas C. Ferguson . 1962. Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society, 16(4): 209-228.
2.Annotated check list of the Noctuoidea (Insecta, Lepidoptera) of North America north of Mexico.
Donald J. Lafontaine, B. Christian Schmidt. 2010. ZooKeys 40: 1–239 .
3.Assessment of species diversity in the Atlantic Maritime Ecozone
McAlpine D.F., Smith I.M. (eds.). 2010. Canadian Science Publishing (NRC Research Press). 785 pp.
4.North American Moth Photographers Group
5.BOLD: The Barcode of Life Data Systems
6.Butterflies of North America