Identification, Images, & Information
For Insects, Spiders & Their Kin
For the United States & Canada
Clickable Guide
Moths Butterflies Flies Caterpillars Flies Dragonflies Flies Mantids Cockroaches Bees and Wasps Walkingsticks Earwigs Ants Termites Hoppers and Kin Hoppers and Kin Beetles True Bugs Fleas Grasshoppers and Kin Ticks Spiders Scorpions Centipedes Millipedes

Calendar
Upcoming Events

Photos of insects and people from the 2022 BugGuide gathering in New Mexico, July 20-24

National Moth Week was July 23-31, 2022! See moth submissions.

Photos of insects and people from the Spring 2021 gathering in Louisiana, April 28-May 2

Photos of insects and people from the 2019 gathering in Louisiana, July 25-27

Photos of insects and people from the 2018 gathering in Virginia, July 27-29

Photos of insects and people from the 2015 gathering in Wisconsin, July 10-12


Previous events


TaxonomyBrowse
Info
ImagesLinksBooksData

Species Parahypenodes quadralis - Masked Parahypenodes - Hodges#8430

Masked Parahypenodes - Parahypenodes quadralis masked parahypenodes - Parahypenodes quadralis masked parahypenodes - Parahypenodes quadralis Parahypenodes? - Parahypenodes quadralis Another Masked Parahypenodes? - Parahypenodes quadralis Gray Looking Parahypenodes - Parahypenodes quadralis 9/19/19 - Parahypenodes quadralis Parahypenodes quadralis
Show images of: caterpillars · adults · both
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Lepidoptera (Butterflies and Moths)
Superfamily Noctuoidea (Owlet Moths and kin)
Family Erebidae
Subfamily Hypenodinae
Genus Parahypenodes
Species quadralis (Masked Parahypenodes - Hodges#8430)
Hodges Number
8430
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Parahypenodes quadralis Barnes & McDunnough(1), 1918
placed in subfamily Hypenodinae by Hodges (1983)
placed in subfamily Hypeninae by Kitching and Rawlins (1999)
Phylogenetic sequence # 930667 (2)
Size
Barnes & McDunnough (1918) listed the wingspan 18 mm.
Identification
Barnes & McDunnough (1918) original description is displayed and online in the print references.
    "Primaries dull ochreous gray, shaded with deep smoky; t.a. line single, dark, irregular, arising from small dark costal blotch, bent inward below costa with prominent outward bulge in the submedian fold; t.p. line single, dentate, squarely exserted around cell, then strongly inwardly oblique to a point on the middle of inner margin; at the end of cell a square blackish patch, the most prominent feature of the maculation; subterminal area dark smoky, the terminal area pale grayish, the difference between the two shades defining the s.t. line which is in general parallel to outer margin with a slight bulge opposite cell; outer margin slightly crenulate with dark terminal line; fringes dull ochreous, cut with smoky. Secondaries deep smoky with traces of a darker oblique line crossing from costa near apex to inner margin above anal angle. Beneath smoky, secondaries paler in basal area with traces of a curved post-median line."
Range
Nova Scotia(3) to Florida, east to Tennessee, north to Wisconsin and Ontario.
Primary syntype male from Quebec, St. John's Co., St Therese Island.
Habitat
Moist and sandy places; adults are nocturnal and come to light and bait. [Handfield]
Season
The adults fly from June to September in the south; late June and July in the north (Quebec).
Food
The host is unknown.
Life Cycle
One generation per year.
Remarks
Parahypenodes quadralis is seldom seen or collected; status is unknown in several parts of its range due to lack of information on its occurrence
Print References
Barnes & McDunnough, 1918. Contributions to the Natural History of the Lepidoptera of North America. 4 (2): 124; pl. 18, fig. 6.
Handfield, L., 1999. Les Guides des Papillons du Quebec. Broquet. 662 pp.
Works Cited
1.James Halliday McDunnough (1877 -1962) A biographical obituary and bibliography
Douglas C. Ferguson . 1962. Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society, 16(4): 209-228.
2.Annotated check list of the Noctuoidea (Insecta, Lepidoptera) of North America north of Mexico.
Donald J. Lafontaine, B. Christian Schmidt. 2010. ZooKeys 40: 1–239 .
3.Assessment of species diversity in the Atlantic Maritime Ecozone
McAlpine D.F., Smith I.M. (eds.). 2010. Canadian Science Publishing (NRC Research Press). 785 pp.
4.North American Moth Photographers Group
5.BOLD: The Barcode of Life Data Systems
6.Butterflies of North America