Identification, Images, & Information
For Insects, Spiders & Their Kin
For the United States & Canada
Clickable Guide
Moths Butterflies Flies Caterpillars Flies Dragonflies Flies Mantids Cockroaches Bees and Wasps Walkingsticks Earwigs Ants Termites Hoppers and Kin Hoppers and Kin Beetles True Bugs Fleas Grasshoppers and Kin Ticks Spiders Scorpions Centipedes Millipedes

Upcoming Events

BugGuide is a National Moth Week Partner. How to add your National Moth Week 2021 photos. July 17-25.

Photos of insects and people from the Spring 2021 gathering in Louisiana, April 28-May 2

National Moth Week 2020 photos of insects and people.

Photos of insects and people from the 2019 BugGuide Gathering in Louisiana, July 25-27

Discussion, insects and people from the 2018 gathering in Virginia, July 27-29

Photos of insects and people from the 2015 gathering in Wisconsin, July 10-12

Photos of insects and people from the 2014 gathering in Virginia, June 4-7.

Photos of insects and people from the 2013 gathering in Arizona, July 25-28

Previous events


Family Chrysididae - Cuckoo Wasps

Cuckoo Wasp Parnopes? - Hedychrum Hymenoptera Chrysidid wasp and chrysidid puparium? - Chrysis angolensis Cuckoo Wasp Hedychrum - Hedychrum - male Shiny Green Bee/Wasp - Holopyga Cuckoo or Metallic Bee? - Holopyga Cuckoo Wasp? - Holopyga Is this a sweat bee? - Chrysis cessata
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Hymenoptera (Ants, Bees, Wasps and Sawflies)
No Taxon (Aculeata - Ants, Bees and Stinging Wasps)
Superfamily Chrysidoidea (Cuckoo Wasps and Allies)
Family Chrysididae (Cuckoo Wasps)
Other Common Names
Gold Wasps, Ruby Wasps(1), Jewel Wasps
Explanation of Names
Chrysididae Latreille 1802
"cuckoo wasp" refers to the fact that these wasps lay eggs in host nests
In our area, 3 subfamilies with 227 spp. in ~30 genera (most diverse in the west, with 166 spp. in CA alone(2)). Worldwide, 5 subfamilies with >3000 described (~4,000 estimated) spp. in >80 genera(3)(4)
Overview of our fauna* –taxa not yet in the guide; classification adapted from(2)(4)
Family Chrysididae
Subfamily Cleptinae Cleptes
Subfamily Chrysidinae
Key to ~90 eastern spp.
Family characteristics(5)(6)(4):
Body metallic blue or green, usually with coarse sculpturing (many pits in surface)
Antennae with 12 segments (females) or 13 segments (males), two to six (usually three) of them visible and concave or hollowed out beneaath
Rear corners of thorax pointed
Tip of abdomen in many species has tooth-like projections
Hindwings with no closed cells
Abdomen concave beneath, allowing chrysidids to curl up into a ball when disturbed (see below)
The wasp rolls up in a defensive position when disturbed
worldwide and throughout NA (most diverse in the west); 10% of all our spp. are CA endemics(3)(4)(2)
Some species are parasitoids and others cleptoparasites; most are external parasites of wasp and bee larvae; Cleptes (Cleptinae) attack sawfly larvae, Amiseginae parasitize walkingstick eggs
Life Cycle
Parasitoids feed on the larva of the host and cleptoparasites "steal" the host's food. The food-stealing behavior of cleptoparasite species resembles that of the cuckoo bird and gave rise to the cuckoo wasp's name. Hosts of parasitoid species include bees, sphecid wasps, potter wasps, sawflies, silk moths, and the eggs of stick insects. Cleptoparasitic species feed on provisions of sphecid wasp nests, which may include dead spiders, true bugs, aphids, or thrips.
The female sting has been modified into an egg-laying tube with highly reduced valvulae and poison gland. As a result, unlike most other aculeates, chrysidids cannot sting and can be easily handled.(2)
See Also
Some metallic-green sweat bees (Halictidae) are superficially similar but lack the sculptured cuticle and the ability to curl up in a ball
Works Cited
1.A synopsis of the Chrysididae in America North of Mexico
Bohart R.M., Kimsey L.S. 1982. Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute 33: 1-266.
2.California Cuckoo Wasps in the Family Chrysididae (Hymenoptera)
Lynn S. Kimsey. 2006. UC Press.
3.The chrysidid wasps of the world
Kimsey L.S., Bohart R.M. 1990. Oxford University Press. 652 pp.
4.Agnoli G.L., Rosa P. (2020) Database of Chrysididae ( website. Interim version 29 Aug. 2020)
5.American Insects: A Handbook of the Insects of America North of Mexico
Ross H. Arnett. 2000. CRC Press.
6.Photographic Atlas of Entomology and Guide To Insect Identification
James L. Castner. 2000. Feline Press.