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Species Catocala faustina - Hodges#8811

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Show images of: caterpillars · adults · both
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Lepidoptera (Butterflies and Moths)
Superfamily Noctuoidea (Owlet Moths and kin)
Family Erebidae
Subfamily Erebinae
Tribe Catocalini
Genus Catocala (Underwings)
Species faustina (Catocala faustina - Hodges#8811)
Hodges Number
8811
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Catocala faustina Strecker, 1873 (1), (2), (3), (4), (5), (6)
Catocala faustina var. zillah Strecker, 1877 (7), (8)
Catocala faustina var. carlota Beutenmüller, 1897 (9)
Catocala faustina var. lydia Beutenmüller, 1907 (10)
Catocala faustina form rubra Cassino, 1918 (84)
Phylogenetic sequence #930801
Explanation of Names
Specific epithet likely for Faustina the Younger, Roman Empress and wife to her maternal cousin Roman Emperor Marcus Aurelius. (11)
Numbers
Lafontaine & Schmidt (2010) included 101 species of the genus Catocala in America north of Mexico, and listed three subspecies. (2)
C. f. fraustina Strecker, 1873
C. f. cleopatra Strecker, 1873
C. f. allusa Hulst, 1884
Powell & Opler (2009) reported 110 species in all of North America, and about 230 worldwide. (12)
Size
Forewing length 30-35 mm. (12)
Range
California to British Columbia and southeast to Colorado.
C. f. fraustina Strecker, 1873 (Idaho, Wyoming, Montana, Colorado)
C. f. cleopatra Strecker, 1873 (coastal southern California)
C. f. allusa Hulst, 1884 (N. California to British Columbia)
Catocala f. cleopatra is the the most common red underwing in the coastal areas of southern California.(12)
Type locality: Arizona. (8)
Food
Larval host is willow (Salix). (13)
Print References
Barnes, Wm. & J.H. McDunnough, 1918. Illustrations of the North American species of the genus Catocala. Memoirs of the AMNH 2(1): p.23; Pl.5, f.16-20. (5)
Powell, J.A., and P.A. Opler, 2009. Moths of Western North America. University of California Press, pl. 45, fig. 12; p. 262. (12)
Strecker, H. 1873. Lepidoptera, Rhopaloceres and Heteroceres, indigenous and exotic; with descriptions and colored illustrations (v.3). Owen's Steam Book & Job Printing], p. 21; Pl.3, f.8. (1)
Works Cited
1.Lepidoptera, Rhopaloceres and Heteroceres, indigenous and exotic; with descriptions and colored illustrations (v. 1-3)
Herman Strecker. 1872. Owen's Steam Book & Job Printing .
2.Annotated check list of the Noctuoidea (Insecta, Lepidoptera) of North America north of Mexico.
Donald J. Lafontaine, B. Christian Schmidt. 2010. ZooKeys 40: 1–239 .
3.Pacific Coast Lepidoptera, No. 14. Notes on the genus Catocala, with descriptions of new species.
Henry Edwards. 1875. Proceedings of the California Academy 6: 207-215.
4.The genus Catocala.
George. D. Hulst. 1884. Bulletin of the Brooklyn Entomological Society 7(1): 14-56.
5.Illustrations of the North American species of the genus Catocala.
William Barnes, James Halliday McDunnough. 1918. Memoirs of the AMNH 2(1).
6.Systematics of moths in the genus Catocala (Lepidoptera, Erebidae) IV. Nomenclatorial stabilization of the ....
Lawrence Gall, David Hawks. 2010. Zookeys 39: 37-83.
7.Lepidoptera, Rhopaloceres and Heteroceres, indigenous and exotic; with descriptions and colored illustrations (v. 14-15).
Herman Strecker. 1877. Owen's Steam Book & Job Printing.
8.Systematics of moths in the genus Catocala (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). I.
Gall, Lawrence F. & David C. Hawks. 1990. Fieldiana. Zoology. 59: 1-16.
9.Notes on some species of North American moths.
William Beutenmüller . 1897. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 9(14): 209-212.
10.New forms of Catocala.
William Beutenmüller . 1907. Bulletin of the Americal Museum of Natural History, 23(26): 935-940.
11.Bill Oehlke's North American Catocala
12.Moths of Western North America
Powell and Opler. 2009. UC Press.
13.HOSTS - The Hostplants and Caterpillars Database
14.North American Moth Photographers Group
15.BOLD: The Barcode of Life Database