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Family Amaurobiidae - Hacklemesh Weavers

 Hacklemesh Weaver - Amaurobius ferox - male Amaurobiidae--hacklemesh weavers? - Callobius bioblitz spider photo #3221 - Callobius - female Red spider - Callobius severus Reddish Spider in Oregon - Callobius  Spider - Callobius - female Araneae - Callobius Amaurobius ferox? - Amaurobius ferox
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Chelicerata (Chelicerates)
Class Arachnida (Arachnids)
Order Araneae (Spiders)
Infraorder Araneomorphae (True Spiders)
No Taxon (Entelegynae)
Family Amaurobiidae (Hacklemesh Weavers)
Numbers
There are 97 species in 10 genera in North America. (1)
Size
1.3-20.0 mm.
Range
This family is distributed across the United States and Canada, but the highest species diversity is found from California north to British Columbia.
Habitat
"Most amaurobiids occur in cryptozoic habitats on the forest floor, in and under decomposing logs, in leaf litter, and under rocks. Some... are found in the bark cavities of standing trees and others have been recorded from rocky grasslands, buildings and caves". (1)
Remarks
The placement of some images to genus and species in this family may be questionable as many are similar and hard to distinguish from photos alone.
Print References
A revision of the Nearctic Amaurobiidae (Arachnida: Araneidae) (2)
Works Cited
1.Spiders of North America: An Identification Manual
D. Ubick, P. Paquin, P.E. Cushing and V. Roth (eds). 2005. American Arachnological Society.
2.A revision of the Nearctic Amaurobiidae (Arachnida: Araneidae)
Robin Leech. 1972. Memoirs of the Entomological Society of Canada 84: 1-82.