Genus Conocephalus - Lesser Meadow Katydids
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Orthoptera (Grasshoppers, Crickets, Katydids)
Suborder Ensifera (Long-horned Orthoptera)
Infraorder Tettigoniidea (Katydids, Camel Crickets, and relatives)
Family Tettigoniidae (Katydids)
Subfamily Conocephalinae (Coneheads and Meadow Katydids)
Tribe Conocephalini (Meadow Katydids)
Genus Conocephalus (Lesser Meadow Katydids)
Other Common Names
Smaller Meadow Katydids
Arnett, p. 162, (1)
list 18 species.
10-27 mm (head to tip of wings), body length 12-17 mm
See Singing Insects of North America
. Compare the usually larger, chunkier Greater Meadow Katydids
. Females of Conocephalus
usually have straight ovipositors, while female Orchelimum
have curved ovipositors. Many Conocephalus
seem to have a clear green "face", while many Orchelimum
have some white mottling or other coloration such as red.
Includes eastern and central North America.
Late summer to frost. July-October (Michigan, North Carolina), some species later in year in south.
Food habits similar to Orchelimum
--feed on leaves, flowers, seeds, and pollen of forbs and grasses. Occasionally predaceous on other insects, less so than Orchelimum
Females oviposit in grass-stems. One generation per year.
Capinera, pp. 181-182, plate 40 (3)
Helfer, p. 266, figs. 409-410 (4)
Borror and White, pp. 82-83, plate 2--C. brevipennis (6)
Rehn JAG, Hebard M. 1915. Studies in American Tettigoniidae. V. A synopsis of the species of the genus Conocephalus (Xiphidium of authors) found in North America north of Mexico. Trans. Am. Entomol. Soc. 41: 155-224. See reference page
at SINA for a pdf version.
Singing Insects of North America: genus page
, species list
, synonym list
|2.||Orthoptera of Michigan|
Roger Bland. 2003. Michigan State University Extension.
|3.||Field Guide To Grasshoppers, Katydids, And Crickets Of The United States|
John L. Capinera, Ralph D. Scott, Thomas J. Walker. 2004. Cornell University Press.
|5.||Insects of North Carolina|
C.S. Brimley. 1938. North Carolina Department of Agriculture.
|6.||A Field Guide to Insects|
Richard E. White, Donald J. Borror, Roger Tory Peterson. 1998. Houghton Mifflin Co.