Explanation of Names
Conocephalus Thunberg, 1815
10-27 mm (head to tip of wings), body length 12-17 mm
See Singing Insects of North America
. Compare the usually larger, chunkier Greater Meadow Katydids
. Females of Conocephalus
usually have straight ovipositors, while female Orchelimum
have curved ovipositors. Many Conocephalus
seem to have a clear green "face", while many Orchelimum
have some white mottling or other coloration such as red.
Late summer to frost. July-October (Michigan, North Carolina), some species later in year in south.
Food habits similar to Orchelimum
--feed on leaves, flowers, seeds, and pollen of forbs and grasses. Occasionally predaceous on other insects, less so than Orchelimum
Females oviposit in grass-stems. One generation per year.
Capinera, pp. 181-182, plate 40 (3)
Helfer, p. 266, figs. 409-410 (4)
Borror and White, pp. 82-83, plate 2--C. brevipennis (6)
Rehn JAG, Hebard M. 1915. Studies in American Tettigoniidae. V. A synopsis of the species of the genus Conocephalus (Xiphidium of authors) found in North America north of Mexico. Trans. Am. Entomol. Soc. 41: 155-224. See reference page
at SINA for a pdf version.
Singing Insects of North America: genus page
, species list
, synonym list