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Species Papaipema arctivorens - Northern Burdock Borer - Hodges#9471

Believe this is the Indigo stem borer?  - Papaipema arctivorens Noctuidae: Papaipema arctivorens - Papaipema arctivorens Noctuidae: Papaipema arctivorens - Papaipema arctivorens Noctuidae: Papaipema arctivorens - Papaipema arctivorens Noctuidae: Papaipema arctivorens - Papaipema arctivorens Papaipema arctivorens Noctuidae: Papaipema arctivorens - Papaipema arctivorens Northern Burdock Borer - Papaipema arctivorens
Show images of: caterpillars · adults · both
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Lepidoptera (Butterflies and Moths)
Superfamily Noctuoidea (Owlet Moths and kin)
Family Noctuidae (Owlet Moths)
Subfamily Noctuinae (Cutworm or Dart Moths)
Tribe Apameini
Genus Papaipema (Borer Moths)
Species arctivorens (Northern Burdock Borer - Hodges#9471)
Hodges Number
9471
Numbers
common
Size
wingspan 27-39 mm
Identification
Adult: forewing light orange with rusty red shading and speckling; area beyond PM line dark purplish-brown except for yellowish apical patch and sometimes a yellow subterminal line; orbicular and claviform spots large, white; claviform spot usually split in two, with the smaller portion nearer to orbicular spot; reniform spot filled with ground color, and rimmed with 5 or 6 white spots; basal patch yellowish, contrasting against the brown of the adjacent AM band; hindwing pale brown with darker discal lunule and subterminal band
Range
Quebec to northern Georgia, west to Missouri, north to Minnesota and Ontario
Habitat
fields, waste places; adults are nocturnal and come to light
Season
adults fly from August to October
Food
larvae bore in rhizomes of various species of burdock (Arctium), thistle (Cirsium), teasel (Dipsacus), and sometimes vervain (Verbena) and mullein (Verbascum) [Handfield, 1999]
Life Cycle
one generation per year
See Also
adults of similar Papaipema species are pictured in the Jim Vargo and Jim Wiker links at MPG given below
Print References
Handfield, Louis. 1999. Les Guides des Papillons du Quebec. Broquet. 662 pp.
Internet References
live adult images plus description, foodplants, flight season (Lynn Scott, Ontario)
live adult images by various photographers, plus common name reference (Moth Photographers Group)
adult images (Larry Line, Maryland)
pinned adult image and photos of related species by Jim Wiker (Moth Photographers Group)
pinned adult image and photos of related species by Jim Vargo (Moth Photographers Group)
pinned adult image (James Adams, Dalton State College, Georgia)
pinned adult images plus collection site map (All-Leps)
foodplants; PDF doc plus flight season and life cycle (Macrolepidoptera of Mont Saint-Hilaire Region, McGill U., Quebec)
foodplants plus type specimen locality and links to images (Markku Savela, FUNET)
presence in Georgia search on species "arctivorens"; state record by James Adams in Whitfield County, 12 September 1998 (Lepidopterists Society Season Summary, U. of Florida)
distribution in Canada list of provinces (U. of Alberta, using CBIF data)