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Species Zanclognatha martha - Hodges#8350

Zanclognatha martha Brown with lines - Zanclognatha martha  Zanclognatha martha  - Zanclognatha martha Zanclognatha martha? - Zanclognatha martha - male Zanclognatha martha Zanclognatha martha Zanclognatha martha  Zanclognatha martha - Zanclognatha martha
Show images of: caterpillars · adults · both
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Lepidoptera (Butterflies and Moths)
Superfamily Noctuoidea (Owlet Moths and kin)
Family Erebidae
Subfamily Herminiinae (Litter Moths)
Genus Zanclognatha
Species martha (Zanclognatha martha - Hodges#8350)
Hodges Number
Other Common Names
Pine Barrens Zanclognatha
Martha’s Zanclognatha
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Zanclognatha martha - Barnes, 1928
Polypogon martha - Barnes, 1928
Phylogenetic sequence # 930497. (1)
Wingspan 25-29 mm.
Photo from Ken Childs identified by Don Tangren. (BAMONA)

Adult: "Compared to most species of the genus, this is a relatively large (25-30 mm), uniformly brownish-gray species with a violet tinge. The forewings and hindwings are about the same color and the outer portion beyond the postmedian line is darker than the basal and median portions of the wings. The dark spot on the forewing varies in intensity. There is otherwise little variation and the species is well illustrated by Rings et al. (1992) and on the Georgia Lepidoptera website. Specimens on which the ground color is not a virtually exact match for those illustrations are some other species. Forbes (1954) also provides a good key, but occasional specimens of the Zanclognatha protumnusalis complex are difficult. They will be browner and not violet tinged but some may approach the size of Z. martha." - "New York Natural Heritage Program. 2013. Online Conservation Guide for Zanclognatha martha."
Larvae: See "Preliminary key to Zanclognatha larvae" (2)
Eastern North America. (3), (4)
Moth Photographers Group - large range map with collection dates.
Scrub oak and pitch pine woodlands.
The main flight period appears to be May through September.
The larvae are detritus feeders utilizing decomposing Quercus ilicifolia Wangenh. (bear oak) leaves.
Life Cycle
The larvae overwinter on the forest floor
It is very common in parts of New Jersey and uncommon to rare in most other areas.
See Also
Zanclognatha dentata - Z. martha is distinguished from Z. dentata by its darker ground color, weakened subterminal line, darkened distal ¼ of forewing, and its larger size.(2)
Zanclognatha protumnusalis - Distal 1/4 of wings lack dark shading.
Works Cited
1.Annotated check list of the Noctuoidea (Insecta, Lepidoptera) of North America north of Mexico.
Donald J. Lafontaine, B. Christian Schmidt. 2010. ZooKeys 40: 1–239 .
2.A new Zanclognatha from eastern North America and a preliminary key to the larvae of the genus...
Wagner, D.L. & T.L. McCabe. 2011. ZooKeys 149: 89-101.
3.North American Moth Photographers Group
4.Light trap catches of Lepidoptera in two central Appalachian forests
Linda Butler, Vicki Kondo, John Strazanac. 2001. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington, 103: 879--902.
5.Butterflies of North America
6.BOLD: The Barcode of Life Data Systems