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Species Usingeriessa brunnildalis - Hodges#4768

Usingeriessa sp. - Usingeriessa brunnildalis Usingeriessa brunnildalis, #4768 - Usingeriessa brunnildalis Usingeriessa brunnildalis, #4768 - Usingeriessa brunnildalis Usingeriessa brunnildalis, #4768 - Usingeriessa brunnildalis Crambid from Healdsburg, CA - Usingeriessa brunnildalis
Show images of: caterpillars · adults · both
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Lepidoptera (Butterflies and Moths)
Superfamily Pyraloidea (Pyralid and Crambid Snout Moths)
Family Crambidae (Crambid Snout Moths)
Subfamily Acentropinae
Tribe Argyractini
Genus Usingeriessa
Species brunnildalis (Usingeriessa brunnildalis - Hodges#4768)
Hodges Number
4768
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Usingeriessa brunnildalis (Dyar, 1906)
Elophila brunnildalis Dyar, 1906
Numbers
There are two named species of Usingeriessa in America north of Mexico. (1), (2)
Size
Forewing length 7.5-11 mm.(3)
Identification
Original description online: (Elophila brunnildalis) (91) This species is very similar to Usingeriessa onyxalis, differing mainly by the indistinct apical patch on the FW, not contrasting much with the dusky terminal band; the HW is generally clouded with dusky scaling, without the contrasting dark basal and pale medial areas seen in U. onyxalis.(4) [NOTE: The barcoded specimens currently labeled as onyxalis (mostly from Costa Rica) seem to match the original description of brunnildalis. Further research is needed to clarify which is which.]
Range
Central and southern California, Arizona*, and western Texas**.(3)(5)(6)
Moth Photographers Group - large map with some distribution data.
* While both Usinger(6) and Munroe(3) include Arizona in the range description, no specimen records are recited. No online data have been found to confirm that part of the range.
Habitat
Normally associated with permanent streams where the larvae live on alga covered rocks.(3)
Season
Most records for adults are from August to October. (2)
Remarks
Confusion with Usingeriessa onyxalis, particularly in Texas records, is common. Moreover, (1) to date, BOLD has not barcoded any examples for brunnildalis; (2) the single image on MPG from Presidio Co., TX, appears to be a worn example of U. onyxalis, and (3) even this California example of brunnildalis appears very similar to Texas onyxalis. More images, specimens, and genetic work are needed to determine how to separate these species, if they are distinct at all.
See Also

On U. onyxalis, the whitish PM band on the FW is much more heavily infused with brown, the terminal orange band is essentially the same width as the subterminal white band, the PM area of the HW is heavily suffused with brown nearly out to the edge of the submarginal eyespots, and the middle of the PM area has a dusky-filled orange oval (rather than a white-filled dusky loop).
Print References
Dyar, Harrison G. 1906. The North American Nymphulinae and Scopariinae. Journal of the New York Entomological Society Vol. 14, No. 2, p. (91)
Lange, W.H. 1956. Aquatic insects of California p. (284)
Munroe, E. 1972a. The Moths of North America North of Mexico. Fascicle 13.1A. Scopariinae, Nymphulinae. The Wedge Ent. Res. Found.(4)
Munroe, E. 1972c. The Moths of North America North of Mexico. Fascicle 13.1C. Evargestinae. + plates. The Wedge Ent. Res. Found.(7)
Powell, J. A., and P. A. Opler. 2009. Moths of Western North America. pl. 23.52; p. 181.(3)
Works Cited
1.Check list of the Lepidoptera of America north of Mexico.
Hodges, et al. (editors). 1983. E. W. Classey, London. 284 pp.
2.North American Moth Photographers Group
3.Moths of Western North America
Powell and Opler. 2009. UC Press.
4.The Moths of North America North of Mexico. Fascicle 13.1A. Scopariinae, Nymphulinae
Eugene Munroe. 1972. The Wedge Entomological Research Foundation.
5.Essig Museum of Entomology, California Moth Species List
6.Aquatic Insects of California
Robert L. Usinger, Editor. 1956. University of California Press.
7.The Moths of America North of Mexico, including Greenland. Fascicle 13.1c. Pyraloidea: Pyralidae (part),...
Eugene Munroe. 1974. E.W. Classey.