Other Common Names
Bloodshot-eyed Moth, Heiligbrodt's Mesquite Moth
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Sphingicampa heiligbrodti (Harvey, 1877)
Anisota heiligbrodti Harvey, 1877
Syssphinx heiligbrodti (Dyar, 1901)
Adelocephala heiligbrodti (Harvey, 1877)
Explanation of Names
The species is named in honor of Mr. L. Heiligbrodt who collected the holotype in Bastrop County, texas.
Harvey (1877) reported the wingspan.
♂ 54 mm.
♀ 76 mm.
Adult moth is paler than the very similar S. hubbardi. Most easily separated by distribution, with S. heiligbrodti found in south and central Texas, and S. hubbardi from west Texas through Arizona. The two species do overlap in the Del Rio vicinity.
Caterpillar has a larger number of silvery plates on its back than larvae of most other members of this genus, but probably cannot be separated from S. hubbardi in areas where the two species overlap.
Southern Texas from Del Rio to Bastrop and southward.(1)
Woodlands and brushlands.
The flight period is March to November. (3)
Primarily Honey Mesquite (Prosopis glandulosa), though may take other species of mesquite, acacia, and related leguminous trees
Del Rio, Texas to Arizona.
Ferguson, D.C., 1971. The Moths of America North of Mexico, Fascicle 20.2a
. E.W. Classey & R.D.B. Publications Inc., p. 42; pl. 4.1-2. (4)
Harvey, L.F., 1877. Description of a new Texan Anisota
. The Canadian Entomologist
, 9: p. 110
Tuskes, P.M., Tuttle, J.P., & M.M. Collins, 1996. The Wild Silk Moths of North America: A Natural History of the Saturniidae of the United States and Canada
. Cornell University Press. pp. 86-87, plate 11--adult, plate 2--larva, map 8 (5)