10 spp. in our area are known to have debris-carrying members (9 for the entire genus)
1. Abachrysa (single species)
2. Ceraeochrysa (all species)
uses wool from the wooly alder aphid; C.quadripunctata
are only occasional debris-carriers)(1)
4. Chrysopodes (single species)
5. Eremochrysa (all species)
6. Kymachrysa (all species)
7. Leucochrysa (all species)
8. Nothochrysa (single species)
9. Pseudomallada (all species)
10. Yumachrysa (all species)
See Green Lacewings
for general information on this family.
It seems that the trash carried by the larvae of several species confers some protection against predatory lady beetles.
Naked green lacewing larvae
have a longer, narrower abdomen, unhooked setae, and no long scoli.
Brown lacewing larvae
lack tubercles with setae and have proportionally more slender, elongate bodies than any of the green lacewing larvae. Brown lacewings are naked larvae and thus lack any sort of scoli. They also have shorter mandibles.
Catherine Tauber, M.J. Tauber, & G.S. Albuquerque. 2014. Debris-Carrying in Larval Chrysopidae: Unraveling Its Evolutionary History. Annals of the Entomological Society of America 107(2):295-314. (Full Text
Kengo Nakahira & Ryo Arakawa. 2006. Defensive functions of the trash-package of a green lacewing, Mallada desjardinsi
(Neuroptera: Chrysopidae), against a ladybird, Harmonia axyridis
(Coleoptera: Coccinellidae). Applied Entomology and Zoology 41(1): 111-115. (Full Text