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Family Nabidae - Damsel Bugs

Damsel Bug - Nabis Damsel Bug - Nabis Bug nymph Hoplistoscelis - Hoplistoscelis pallescens - male Assassin Bug? - Hoplistoscelis pallescens Assassin #5?? - Nabis capsiformis bug - Nabis Metatropiphorus belfragii
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Hemiptera (True Bugs, Cicadas, Hoppers, Aphids and Allies)
Suborder Heteroptera (True Bugs)
Infraorder Cimicomorpha
Family Nabidae (Damsel Bugs)
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
several taxa traditionally treated as separate genera (e.g. in(1)(2)(3)) have been recently demoted back to subgenera of Nabis(4)
Explanation of Names
Nabidae Costa 1853
Numbers
40 spp. in 9 genera of 2 subfamilies in our area(4), ca. 400 spp. in >30 genera worldwide(5)
Overview of our faunaTaxa not yet in the guide are marked (*)
Family Nabidae
Subfamily Nabinae
Subfamily Prostemminae
Tribe Phorticini Phorticus
Tribe Prostemmini Alloeorhynchus · Pagasa (subgenera Lampropagasa · *Pagasa)
Size
3-12 mm
Identification
slender, light to dark brown or black with 4-segmented beak; resemble assassin bugs due to the slightly enlarged (raptorial) front femora; a series of elongated cells around the front wing membrane; some species have reduced wings
key to MI spp. in(6)
Range
throughout NA and worldwide
Habitat
low vegetation in fields and gardens
Season
most common in warmer months but may be found at any time of year
Food
predacious, feeding on soft-bodied insects
Life Cycle
adults overwinter in leaf litter; 1-5 generations per year, depending on location
Print References
(7)
Internet References
Fact sheet (Mahr 1997)
Works Cited
1.How to Know the True Bugs
Slater, James A., and Baranowski, Richard M. 1978. Wm. C. Brown Company.
2.Catalog of the Heteroptera, or True Bugs of Canada and the Continental United States
Thomas J. Henry, Richard C. Froeschner. 1988. Brill Academic Publishers.
3.American Insects: A Handbook of the Insects of America North of Mexico
Ross H. Arnett. 2000. CRC Press.
4.Three new species, notes and new records of poorly known species, and an updated checklist for the North American Nabidae...
Kerzhner I.M., Henry T.J. 2008. Proc. Entomol. Soc. Wash. 110: 988–1011.
5.Australian Faunal Directory
6.A synopsis of the damsel bugs (Heteroptera: Nabidae) of Michigan
Swanson D.R. 2012. The Great Lakes Entomologist 45: 40-55.
7.A monographic study of the hemipterous family Nabidae as it occurs in North America
Harris, H.M. 1928. Entomologica Americana, 9: 1-97.