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Species Mimoschinia rufofascialis - Rufous-banded Crambid - Hodges#4826

Mimoschinia rufofascialis Rufous-banded Crambid - Hodges #4826 - Mimoschinia rufofascialis Rufous-banded Crambid - Hodges#4826 - Mimoschinia rufofascialis rust and white moth - Mimoschinia rufofascialis Rufous-banded Crambid - Mimoschinia rufofascialis Mimoschinia rufofascialis - Rufous-banded Crambid - Hodges#4826 - Mimoschinia rufofascialis Mimoschinia rufofascialis Mimoschinia rufofascialis
Show images of: caterpillars · adults · both
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Lepidoptera (Butterflies and Moths)
Superfamily Pyraloidea (Pyralid and Crambid Snout Moths)
Family Crambidae (Crambid Snout Moths)
Subfamily Odontiinae
Tribe Eurrhypini
Genus Mimoschinia
Species rufofascialis (Rufous-banded Crambid - Hodges#4826)
Hodges Number
4826
Other Common Names
Barberpole Caterpillar (1)
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Mimoschinia rufofascialis (Stephens, 1834)
Ennychia rufofascialis Stephens, 1834
Many synonyms
* phylogentic sequence #145325
Explanation of Names
rufo (rufous-colored) + fascia (bands); refers to the reddish-colored bands on the forewing, and is the origin of the common name Rufous-banded Crambid.
Size
Forewing length 6-11 mm.(2)
Identification
Larva - strikingly beautiful. General body color is white, front half wine-red with partial bands of that color posteriorly. Rather like a barberpole, as its commom name suggests. Head is light yellow (adapted from Heinrich, 1921).
Range
Ontario; Alberta and British Columbia, south to Texas, west to California (E.H. Strickland Museum).
Season
Adults fly April to June in the mountains and coastal areas, August to September in deserts.(2)
Food
Larva is a seed-feeder of various Malvaceous plants. Heinrich reported them on Indian mallow (Abutilon), false mallow (Malvastrum), wissadula (Wissadula), fanpetals (Sida). Powell & Opler add holleyhock (Alcea) and mallow (Malvella).(2)
Remarks
Larvae are host for the braconid wasp Bracon mellitor. (3)
Print References
Heinrich, C. 1921. Some Lepidoptera likely to be confused with the pink bollworm. Journal Agricultural Research 20(11): 829. (4)
Powell, J.A. & P.A. Opler 2009. Moths of Western North America. pl.21.51, 21.52; p.171 (2)
Works Cited
1.American Insects: A Handbook of the Insects of America North of Mexico
Ross H. Arnett. 2000. CRC Press.
2.Moths of Western North America
Powell and Opler. 2009. UC Press.
3.Six new hosts of Bracon mellitor (Hymenoptera: Braconidae), with a review of recorded hosts
P. Glynn Tillman, James R. Cate. 1989. Environmental Entomology 18(2): 328-333.
4.Some Lepidoptera Likely To Be Confused with the Pink Bollworm
Heinrich, Carl. 1921. Journal of Agricultural Research. v. 20, no. 10, pp. 820-821.