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Species Pelochrista biquadrana - Eucosma biquadrana - Hodges#3137

Eucosma biquadrana - Hodges #3137 - Pelochrista biquadrana
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Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Lepidoptera (Butterflies and Moths)
Superfamily Tortricoidea (Tortricid Moths)
Family Tortricidae (Tortricid Moths)
Subfamily Olethreutinae
Tribe Eucosmini
Genus Pelochrista
Species biquadrana (Eucosma biquadrana - Hodges#3137)
Hodges Number
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Eucosma biquadrana (Walsingham, 1879) (1)
Paedisca biquadrana Walsingham, 1879 (2), (3)
Synonyms (4)
Pelochrista palousana (Kearfott)
Pelochrista tahoensis (Heinrich)
Explanation of Names
Specific epithet is Latin meaning "two squares" for the "two ferruginous patches on the dorsal margin" that define a "square patch" above them. (3)
Walsingham (1879) listed a wingspan of 22 mm. (2), (3)
Determined by Chuck Harp.
records from California(5) to Washington and Montana.
Wright (2008) examined specimens from California(5), Idaho, Oregon, and
Washington. (4)
Holotype collected Pitt River, Shasta County, California. (3)
Moth Photographers Group - large map with some distribution data.
Wright (2008) stated "Capture dates range from late June to mid-August, but nearly all the records are from July." (4)
The larval host is unknown. (3), (4)
Print References
Heinrich, C., 1923. Revision of the North American moths of the subfamily Eucosminae of the family Olethreutidae. United States National Museum Bulletin 123: 129. (3)
Walsingham, L., 1879. North-American Torticidae. Illustrations of Lepidoptera Heterocera in the British Museum 4: 45; Pl.70, f.8. (2)
Wright, D.J., 2008. Nearctic Eucosmini (Tortricidae) associated with Pelochrista occipitana (Zeller) and Eucosma biquadrana (Walsingham): Two new synonymies and four new species. Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 62(4): 229; figs. 21, 22, 33, 39, 48, 51.
Works Cited
1.Revised world catalogue of Eucopina, Eucosma, Pelochrista, and Phaneta (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae: Eucosmini)
Todd M. Gilligan, Donald J. Wright. 2013. Zootaxa 3746(2): 301–337.
2.North-American Torticidae
Thomas, Lord Walsingham. 1879. Illustrations of typical specimens of Lepidoptera Heterocera in the collection of the British Museum. 4.
3.Revision of the North American moths of the subfamily Eucosminae of the family Olethreutidae
Carl Heinrich. 1923. United States National Museum Bulletin 123: 1-298.
4.Nearctic Eucosmini (Tortricidae) associated with Pelochrista occipitana (Zeller) and Eucosma biquadrana ...
Donald J. Wright. 2008. Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society, 62(4): 216–231.
5.Essig Museum of Entomology, California Moth Species List
6.North American Moth Photographers Group
7.BOLD: The Barcode of Life Data Systems