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Genus Aphrodes

hopper - Aphrodes bicinctus - female Aphrodes bicinctus Leafhopper nymph? - Aphrodes Aphrodes bicinctus - male Meadow Spittlebug? - Aphrodes Leafhopper for ID - Aphrodes - female Leafhopper - Aphrodes Hopper - Aphrodes
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Hemiptera (True Bugs, Cicadas, Hoppers, Aphids and Allies)
Suborder Auchenorrhyncha (True Hoppers)
Infraorder Cicadomorpha
Superfamily Membracoidea (Leafhoppers and Treehoppers)
Family Cicadellidae (Typical Leafhoppers)
Subfamily Aphrodinae
Tribe Aphrodini
Genus Aphrodes
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Aphrodes Curtis 1833
Numbers
3 spp. in our area (all adventive), 24 species currently recognised.
Aphrodes bicinctus (Schrank, 1776): transcontinental
Aphrodes diminutus (Ribaut, 1952): Nova Scotia (likely elsewhere)
Aphrodes makarovi (Zachvatkin, 1948): transcontinental
Identification
Vertex obtusely angular, with ocelli on front margin, nearer the eyes than vertex. (1)
There is much variation in color and marking in species of this genus, so male specimens must be dissected for identification. There is often sexual dimorphism in color and markings. (2)
Dissection or host association needed to identify species
Habitat
Normally found on the surface of the ground, among grass roots and under leaf litter. (2)
Food
Probably feed on grasses and grass roots (2)
Remarks
Because of their feeding habits, they are susceptible to artificial introduction with plants. (2)
This genus is taxonomically quite messy. Many species were described using indistinct females, so the oldest names for many species are uncertain. (Joel Kits pers. comments) Three species are recorded as being introduced from Europe to the United States, the full ranges for each species is not fully understood and there may be more undocumented introductions due to the morphological similarity of the species.
Internet References
BOLD Systems - images of DNA supported specimens (3)
Works Cited
1.The leafhoppers, or Cicadellidae, of Illinois (Eurymelinae - Balcluthinae)
Dwight Moore Delong. 1948. Bulletin of the Illinois Natural History Survey, Volume 24, Article 2, State of Illinois.
2.Leafhoppers (Homoptera: Cicadellidae) of Canada and Alaska
Bryan P. Beirne. 1956. The Canadian Entomologist, Volume LXXXVIII, Supplement 2.
3.BOLD: The Barcode of Life Data Systems