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Species Phycitodes mucidella - Hodges#5946.1

Phycitodes reliquella - Phycitodes mucidella Phycitodes reliquella - Phycitodes mucidella Phycitodes reliquellus 5946.2 - Phycitodes mucidella Phycitodes mucidella - Hodges # 5946.1 - Phycitodes mucidella Phycitodes mucidella Phycitodes mucidella Pyralid Moth - Phycitodes mucidella Pyralid Moth - Phycitodes mucidella
Show images of: caterpillars · adults · both
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Lepidoptera (Butterflies and Moths)
Superfamily Pyraloidea (Pyralid and Crambid Snout Moths)
Family Pyralidae (Pyralid Moths)
Subfamily Phycitinae
Tribe Phycitini
Genus Phycitodes
Species mucidella (Phycitodes mucidella - Hodges#5946.1)
Hodges Number
5946.1
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Phycitodes mucidella (Ragonot, 1887) (1)
Homoeosoma mucidella Ragonot, 1887
Rotruda mucidella mucidella Heinrich, 1956:226 (2)
Phycitodes albatella mucidella
Elevated from subsp. of albatella by Neunzig, 1997 (1)
Size
Powell & Opler (2009) listed the forewing length as 6.5-10 mm. (3)
Range
Phycitodes mucidella occurs throughout western United States and southwestern Canada. (3), (4)
Season
The adults are most common from March to October. (5)
Food
Larvae have been reared on: (3), (1)
Ragwort, Senecio.
Thistle, Cirsium.
Cudweed, Gnaphalium.
Gumweed, Grindelia.
Remarks
Heinrich (1956:226) treated reliquellum and mucidella as subspecies of Rotruda mucidella (Ragonot, 1887). Neunzig (1997) elevated mucidella and reliquellum to species status. Scholtens & Solis (2015) (6) follows Neunzig (1997).
As of 2016, DNA barcoding at BOLD does not seem to be able to differentiate between reliquellum and mucidella. Neunzig (1997) does not appear to explain why he overturned Heinrich (1956). In separating the two species, he mentions distribution and morphological differences which Heinrich apparently considered superficial. Heinrich noted variation in genitalia but found the variations were not confined to particular populations.
See Also
Phycitodes reliquellum is an eastern species. It averages smaller with forewings having less white and less contrast between dark and pale scales. (1)
Print References
Heinrich, 1956:226 (2)
Neunzig, H.H., 1997. The Moths of America North of Mexico, Fascicle 15.4. The Wedge Entomological Research Foundation, p. 117; pl. 4.37. (1)
Powell, J.A. & P.A. Opler, 2009. Moths of Western North America. University of California Press, pl. 26, fig. 35; p. 194. (3)
Ragonot, E.L. 1887. Diagnoses of North American Phycitidae and Galleriidae. – Published by the author, Paris. 1–20.
Internet References
Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD) (7) (Phycitodes mucidellus)
Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD) (7) (Phycitodes mucidella)
Works Cited
1.The Moths of North America north of Mexico. Fascicle 15.4. Pyraloidea, Pyralidae, Phycitinae (part)
H. H. Neunzig. 1997. The Wedge Entomological Research Foundation.
2.American moths of the subfamily Phycitinae
Carl Heinrich. 1956. United States National Museum Bulletin 207: 1-581.
3.Moths of Western North America
Powell and Opler. 2009. UC Press.
4.Pinnacles National Monument California Moth Checklist
5.North American Moth Photographers Group
6.Annotated check list of the Pyraloidea (Lepidoptera) of America North of Mexico
Scholtens, B.G., Solis, A.M. 2015. ZooKeys 535: 1–136. doi: 10.3897/zookeys.535.6086.
7.BOLD: The Barcode of Life Data Systems