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Species Catocala subnata - Youthful Underwing - Hodges#8797

Youthful Underwing - Catocala subnata Catocala subnata An Underwing Moth - Catocala subnata Bride Underwing? - Catocala subnata Catocala 3 - Catocala subnata Catocala neogama - The Bride - Catocala subnata Catocala neogama - The Bride - Catocala subnata Catocala subnata
Show images of: caterpillars · adults · both
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Lepidoptera (Butterflies and Moths)
Superfamily Noctuoidea (Owlet Moths and kin)
Family Erebidae
Subfamily Erebinae
Tribe Catocalini
Genus Catocala (Underwings)
Species subnata (Youthful Underwing - Hodges#8797)
Hodges Number
8797
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Catocala subnata Grote, 1864 (1), (2), (3)
Catabapta subnata (4)
Explanation of Names
Specific epithet from Latin possible meaning "to arise, grow up."
Numbers
Lafontaine & Schmidt (2010) included 101 species of the genus Catocala in America north of Mexico. (5)
Powell & Opler (2009) reported 110 species in all of North America, and about 230 worldwide. (6)
Size
Wingspan 75-90 mm. (7)
Identification
Adult - forewing grayish with well-defined AM and PM lines, having significant brown scaling in post-median area bordering distal edge of PM line and sometimes in AM area; reniform spot large and reddish-brown; subreniform spot round to pork chop shaped and can be open or closed (i.e. no elongated "tail" extending to subterminal area); Males lack black basal dash, while it may (usually) or may not be present in females; head and thorax grayish while abdomen is orange/yellow dorsally. Hindwing with broad black and yellow/orange bands, as in several other Catocala species.
Range
Eastern North America.
Lectotype male: Maryland. (8)
Season
Adults on the wing July-Sept
Food
Walnut, butternut, hickory. (7)
See Also
Catocala neogama is often indistinguishable by photo from subnata. However, male subnata lack the black basal dash that is present in neogama allowing any image of a specimen without the black basal dash to be identified as subnata. Outside of dissection or sequencing, specimens with the black basal dash can only reliably be identified by examination of the hind tibia:
subnata; cylindrical with ventral surface densely covered with evenly distributed spines
neogama; compressed/flattened with ventral surface sparsely covered with sporadically distributed spines
Comparison of spines of subnata (top), and neogama (bottom):
Print References
Barnes, Wm. & J.H. McDunnough, 1918. Illustrations of the North American species of the genus Catocala. Memoirs of the AMNH 2(1): p.15; Pl.6, f.15-16. (3)
Grote, A.R., 1864. Descriptions of North America Lepidoptera, No. 4. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Philadelphia 3: 326; Pl.4, f.5. (1)
Works Cited
1.Descriptions of North America Lepidoptera, No. 4.
Augustus Radcliffe Grote. 1864. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Philadelphia 3: 322-326.
2.On the North American species of Catocala.
Augustus Radcliffe Grote. 1872. Transactions of the American Entomological Society 4: 1-20.
3.Illustrations of the North American species of the genus Catocala.
William Barnes, James Halliday McDunnough. 1918. Memoirs of the AMNH 2(1).
4.The genus Catocala.
George. D. Hulst. 1884. Bulletin of the Brooklyn Entomological Society 7(1): 14-56.
5.Annotated check list of the Noctuoidea (Insecta, Lepidoptera) of North America north of Mexico.
Donald J. Lafontaine, B. Christian Schmidt. 2010. ZooKeys 40: 1–239 .
6.Moths of Western North America
Powell and Opler. 2009. UC Press.
7.Bill Oehlke's North American Catocala
8.Systematics of moths in the genus Catocala (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). III.
Gall, Lawrence F. & David C. Hawks. 2002. Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society. 56(4): 234-264.
9.North American Moth Photographers Group
10.BOLD: The Barcode of Life Data Systems