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Species Stomoxys calcitrans - Stable Fly

5014968  biting fly - Stomoxys calcitrans Stable Fly with parasites - Stomoxys calcitrans - female Small Fly- red eyes - Stomoxys calcitrans Stomoxys calcitrans 253901 Tachinid - Stomoxys calcitrans house-invading flies - Stomoxys calcitrans Stable Fly - Stomoxys calcitrans Stable Fly - Stomoxys calcitrans
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Diptera (Flies)
No Taxon (Calyptratae)
Superfamily Muscoidea
Family Muscidae (House Flies and kin)
Subfamily Muscinae
Tribe Stomoxyini (Blood-feeding Muscidae)
Genus Stomoxys
Species calcitrans (Stable Fly)
Other Common Names
Beach Fly, Dog Fly, Lawn-mower Fly(1)
Size
Adults 5-7 mm(1)
Identification
closely resembles the common housefly (Musca domestica) but has a broader abdomen and can be identified by four characteristic longitudinal stripes across the thorax + several dark dorsal spots on the abdomen. The proboscis is black, long, and thin.
larvae & pupae have uniquely shaped triangular, widely spaced spiracles(1)
Range
native to Eurasia & Africa, probably introduced into the New World during the colonial times(1)
Habitat
larvae in decaying fibrous materials (straw bedding, wet hay/grass clippings, algal mats), cattle manure, soil mixed with manure and/or partially composted bedding, by-products of crop processing, etc.(1)
Food
Adults of both sexes feed on blood during daytime; host specificity is low (mainly cattle and horses); the fully fed fly is sluggish and remains motionless near the host (Bishop 1913; Janovy & Roberts 2000)
Larvae feed on fecal materials and decaying organic matter, such as silage, rotting hay and grass clippings
Life Cycle
eggs take 1-4 days to develop. The larval stage lasts 11-30+ days; third-instar maggots pupate for 6-20 days(2)
Works Cited
1.Medical and Veterinary Entomology
Gary Mullen, Lance Durden. 2002. Academic Press.
2.Animal Diversity Web: Phylum Arthropoda