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Species Orchelimum erythrocephalum - Red-headed Meadow Katydid

Red-headed Meadow Katydid - Orchelimum erythrocephalum - male Grassadid - Orchelimum erythrocephalum - female Red-headed or Black-legged Katydid? - Orchelimum erythrocephalum - female katydid - Orchelimum erythrocephalum - male Red-headed meadow katydid - Orchelimum erythrocephalum - male Orchelimum erythrocephalum - female Orchelimum erythrocephalum - male Orchelimum erythrocephalum - female
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Orthoptera (Grasshoppers, Crickets, Katydids)
Suborder Ensifera (Long-horned Orthoptera)
Infraorder Tettigoniidea (Katydids, Camel Crickets, and relatives)
Family Tettigoniidae (Katydids)
Subfamily Conocephalinae (Coneheads and Meadow Katydids)
Tribe Conocephalini (Meadow Katydids)
Genus Orchelimum (Greater Meadow Katydids)
Species erythrocephalum (Red-headed Meadow Katydid)
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Orchelimum erythrocephalum Davis, W.T., 1905. Synonyms:
Orchelimum glaberrimum (Burmeister) (synonym list at SINA)
Size
Body length 20-27 mm, not counting ovipositor in females. Body length to end of folded wings about 33 mm in males.
Identification
Coloration typically green with reddish highlights, including a (usually) bright red head in both sexes. Eyes light blue. Red head is (apparently?) distinctive in this genus, however some specimens do not show a bright red head. In those cases compare O. vulgare.
Range
Southeastern United States. Connecticut south along coastal plain and Piedmont, though Carolinas to Florida, west to southern Tennessee, Louisiana, eastern Texas.
Habitat
Fields, meadows
Season
Late summer to late fall. August-frost (eastern North Carolina), August-November (coastal plain, north Florida).
Food
Primarily herbivores, but also somewhat predatory--see genus account.
Life Cycle
Presumably one generation per year. See genus account.
See Also
Orchelimum concinnum - Stripe-faced Meadow Katydid
Print References
Brimley, p. 20, O. glaberrimum (1)
Capinera, p. 178--cerci, p. 179--map, description (2)
Rehn JAG, Hebard M. 1915a. Studies in American Tettigoniidae. IV. A synopsis of the species of the genus Orchelimum. Trans. Am. Entomol. Soc. 41: 11-83. See references at SINA for a pdf version.
Internet References
Singing Insects of North America--red-headed meadow katydid--species account, including song, phenology.
Works Cited
1.Insects of North Carolina
C.S. Brimley. 1938. North Carolina Department of Agriculture.
2.Field Guide To Grasshoppers, Katydids, And Crickets Of The United States
John L. Capinera, Ralph D. Scott, Thomas J. Walker. 2004. Cornell University Press.