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TaxonomyBrowse
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Genus Coelioxys - Cuckoo-leaf-cutter Bees

fall Coelioxys - Coelioxys Coelioxys species - Coelioxys Red Bee - Coelioxys black and silver bee with tapered abdomen and red legs - Coelioxys Sawfly sp? - Coelioxys dolichos small bee - Coelioxys Coelioxys --? - Coelioxys - male Coelioxys sayi ? - Coelioxys - male
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Hymenoptera (Ants, Bees, Wasps and Sawflies)
No Taxon (Aculeata - Ants, Bees and Stinging Wasps)
No Taxon (Anthophila (Apoidea) - Bees)
Family Megachilidae (Leafcutter, Mason, and Resin Bees, and allies)
Subfamily Megachilinae
Tribe Megachilini
Genus Coelioxys (Cuckoo-leaf-cutter Bees)
Other Common Names
Cuckoo Leafcutting Bee, Leafcutter-parasite
Explanation of Names
Coelioxys Latreille 1809
Greek coelia 'belly' + oxys 'sharp'(1) (refers to the sharp ovipositor and tapered female abdomen)
Numbers
46 spp. in 9 subgenera in our area, ~500 spp. in 15 subgenera worldwide(2)
Size
7-10 mm
Identification
Abdomen conical, pointed in female, armed with teeth or spines in male(3); lack pollen baskets under abdomen, otherwise resemble a Megachile
Range
worldwide [map(2)]
Habitat
Seen at flowers in fields, etc.
Season
Typically Jun-Sep in NC(4)
Food
Adults take nectar at flowers. (They must be eating for themselves, because they do not provision a nest.)
Life Cycle
Cleptoparasites, usually of Megachile (other hosts known outside our area). Using their sharp abdomen, the female breaks into Megachile nests (and removes eggs?) laying its own eggs on the provisions (stored pollen)(5)(6)
Print References
Baker J.R. (1975) Taxonomy of five nearctic subgenera of Coelioxys (Hymenoptera: Megachilidae). U. Kans. Sci. Bull. 50: 649-730.