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Genus Auplopus

Spider wasp? - Auplopus Spider Wasp - Auplopus - female Spider Wasp - Auplopus - female Spider Wasp -Auplopus sp. - Auplopus Pompilid - Auplopus architectus Pompilidae? - Auplopus Unidentified Spider Wasp - Auplopus mellipes - female January wasp (indoors) - Auplopus
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Hymenoptera (Ants, Bees, Wasps and Sawflies)
No Taxon (Aculeata - Ants, Bees and Stinging Wasps)
Superfamily Pompiloidea (Spider Wasps, Velvet Ants and allies)
Family Pompilidae (Spider Wasps)
Subfamily Pepsinae
Tribe Ageniellini
Genus Auplopus
Explanation of Names
Auplopus Spinola 1841
Numbers
10 species:
Auplopus flavicoxae
Auplopus inermis
Auplopus mexicanus
Auplopus variolarum
Size
Typically not much larger than 10 mm
Identification
Identified as Pepsine by the groove in the second sternite, spines on the end of the hind tibiae being equally sized and spaced, labrum partially hidden, and no pocket on the basioposterior corner of the third discal cell.
Identified as Agenielline by the first tergite being concave near the base (this and very long, slender legs give a very slender overall appearance) and no serrations on the hind tibia.
Auplopus lacks a crease on the side of the first tergite that Phanagenia has. They have a bare pygidial area and two groups of very stout bristles on the underside of the head, both are adaptations for being mud daubers. One of the best characters, especially in well lit photographs, are the very long, erect hairs on the propodeum.
Range
Transcontinental
Habitat
Most are found in woods but females are often found around and even in old houses. They apparently use cracks in the foundations as areas to build mud nests. They sometimes find their way inside the houses.
Season
Males seem to emerge first and can be found fairly early (May). They can be found as late as October, or even later in southern states.
Food
Adults are occasionally found on flowers. Females provision a mud cell with a single spider. They usually prey on spiders of the families Anyphaenidae, Clubionidae, Gnaphosidae, Thomisidae, Pisauridae, or Salticidae.
Life Cycle
In most species there are several generations per year.
Remarks
This genus is in dire need of revision on a worldwide scale.
The palearctic Auplopus carbonarius has also been documented in North America (see below).
Assigning the metallic green species that have all black legs is often difficult even with a specimen in hand; three species in particular: A. caerulescens, A. architectus, and A. nigrellus. All three are found in Kansas and they are all EXTREMELY similar. Townes (1957) even comments in his keys that the three species are often inseparable in the female (the males are rather easily separated). (Comment by Nick Fensler)
See Also
Phanagenia; very similar in shape and habits.
Print References
Townes H.K. (1957) Nearctic wasps of the subfamilies Pepsinae and Ceropalinae. U.S. Nat. Mus. Bull. 209: 1-286 (descriptions, distribution, and keys to species)
Krombein K.V. (1979) Pompilidae, pp. 1523-1571. In Krombein, K.V., P.D. Hurd, Jr., D.R. Smith, and B.D. Burks, eds. Catalog of Hymenoptera in America North of Mexico. Vol. 2 Apocrita (Aculeata). Smithsonian Inst. Press, Washington, D.C. (list of species, prey records, references, notes on distribution)
O'Brien M.F., Kurczewski F.E. (1992) Auplopus carbonarius, a Palearctic spider wasp, extends it range to Michigan (Hymenoptera: Pompilidae). Great Lakes Entomol. 24: 185-186.