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Species Aedes albopictus - Asian Tiger Mosquito

 
 
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Zika Virus in Gabon (Central Africa) – 2007: A New Threat from Aedes albopictus?
By Grard et al.
PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases 8(2): e2681., 2014
Full Text (edited version below)

Grard et al. 2014. Zika Virus in Gabon (Central Africa) – 2007: A New Threat from Aedes albopictus? PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases 8(2): e2681.

Background

Chikungunya and dengue viruses emerged in Gabon in 2007, with large outbreaks primarily affecting the capital Libreville and several northern towns. Both viruses subsequently spread to the south-east of the country, with new outbreaks occurring in 2010. The mosquito species Aedes albopictus, that was known as a secondary vector for both viruses, recently invaded the country and was the primary vector involved in the Gabonese outbreaks. We conducted a retrospective study of human sera and mosquitoes collected in Gabon from 2007 to 2010, in order to identify other circulating arboviruses.

Aedes (Stegomyia) albopictus (Skuse): a potential vector of Zika virus in Singapore.
By Wong et al.
PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases 7(8): e2348., 2013
PubMed

Wong PS, Li MZ, Chong CS, Ng LC, Tan CH. 2013. Aedes (Stegomyia) albopictus (Skuse): a potential vector of Zika virus in Singapore. PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases 7(8): e2348.

Abstract
BACKGROUND: Zika virus (ZIKV) is a little known arbovirus until it caused a major outbreak in the Pacific Island of Yap in 2007. Although the virus has a wide geographic distribution, most of the known vectors are sylvatic Aedes mosquitoes from Africa where the virus was first isolated. Presently, Ae. aegypti is the only known vector to transmit the virus outside the African continent, though Ae. albopictus has long been a suspected vector. Currently, Ae. albopictus has been shown capable of transmitting more than 20 arboviruses and its notoriety as an important vector came to light during the recent chikungunya pandemic. The vulnerability of Singapore to emerging infectious arboviruses has stimulated our interest to determine the competence of local Ae. albopictus to transmit ZIKV.

Aedes albopictus in the United States: rapid spread of a potential disease vector.
By Moore CG, Francy DB, Eliason DA, Monath TP.
Journal of the American Mosquito Control Association 4(3):356-61., 1988
Full Text

Moore CG, Francy DB, Eliason DA, Monath TP. 1988. Aedes albopictus in the United States: rapid spread of a potential disease vector. Journal of the American Mosquito Control Association 4(3):356-61.

Abstract
Aedes albopictus, the Asian "tiger mosquito," was found in Houston, Texas, in 1985. Aedes albopictus is primarily a forest edge inhabiting species that has readily adapted to the container habitats produced by humans. Although not yet incriminated in the spread of any disease in the Americas, it has been repeatedly implicated in epidemic dengue and dengue hemorrhagic fever transmission in Asia. It is a competent laboratory vector of La Crosse, yellow fever and other viruses, and can transovarially transmit at least 15 viruses.

Aedes albopictus in Memphis, Tennessee, (USA): An achievement of modern transportation?
By Reiter, P. and R.F. Darsie.
Mosquito News 44(3): 396-399., 1984
Full Text

Reiter, P. and R.F. Darsie. 1984. Aedes albopictus in Memphis, Tennessee, (USA): An achievement of modern transportation? Mosquito News 44(3): 396-399.

Abstract
Containerization and the Lighter Aboard Ship (LASH) concept have transformed the international shipping industry in the past decade. These technological advances and their potential significance to medical entomology are discussed in the light of the capture of an adult female Aedes albopictus in the center of Memphis, Tennessee.

Isolations of Cache Valley virus from Aedes albopictus (Culicidae) in New Jersey and its role as a region arbovirus vector.
By Armstrong et al.
Journal of Medical Entomology. 50(6): 1310-1314. , 2013
Full PDF

Armstrong, P.M., Anderson, J.F., Farajollahi, A., Healy, S.P., Unlu, I., Crepeau, T.N., Gaugler, R., Fonseca, D.M., and Andreadis, T.G. 2013. Isolations of Cache Valley virus from Aedes albopictus (Diptera: Culicidae) in New Jersey and evaluation of its role as a regional arbovirus vector. Journal of Medical Entomology. 50(6): 1310-1314.

ABSTRACT
The Asian tiger mosquito, Aedes albopictus (Skuse), is an invasive species and a major pest problem in urban and suburban locales in New Jersey. To assess its potential role as an arbovirus vector, we sampled Ae. albopictus from two New Jersey counties over a 3-yr period and estimated the prevalence of virus infection by Vero cell culture and reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction assays. Three virus isolates were obtained from 34,567 field-collected Ae. albopictus, and all were identified as Cache Valley virus by molecular methods. Ae. albopictus (N  3,138), collected in Mercer County from late July through early September 2011, also were retested for West Nile virus (WNV) by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction, and all were negative. These results corroborate previous findings showing that Ae. albopictus may occasionally acquire Cache Valley virus, a deer associated arbovirus, in nature. In contrast, we did not detect WNV infection in Ae. albopictus despite concurrent WNV amplification in this region

Aedes albopictus in the United States: ten-year presence and public health implications.
By Moore, C.G. and C.J. Mitchell.
Emerging Infectious Diseases 3: 329-334., 1997
Full Text

Moore, C.G. and C.J. Mitchell. 1997. Aedes albopictus in the United States: ten-year presence and public health implications. Emerging Infectious Diseases 3: 329-334.

Abstract

Since its discovery in Houston, Texas, in 1987, the Asian "tiger mosquito" Aedes albopictus has spread to 678 counties in 25 states. This species, which readily colonizes container habitats in the peridomestic environment, was probably introduced into the continental United States in shipments of scrap tires from northern Asia.

Updated Distribution of Aedes albopictus in Oklahoma, and Implications in Arbovirus Transmission.
By Noden, B.H., L. Coburn, R. Wright and K. Bradley.
Journal of the American Mosquito Control Association 31(1): 93-96., 2015
BioOne

Bruce H. Noden, Lisa Coburn, Russell Wright, and Kristy Bradley. 2015. Updated Distribution of Aedes albopictus in Oklahoma, and Implications in Arbovirus Transmission. Journal of the American Mosquito Control Association 31(1):93-96.

Abstract
A series of statewide surveys were conducted in Oklahoma in the summers between 1991 and 2004 to identify the distribution of Aedes albopictus. Adult mosquitoes were identified in 63 counties, bringing the currently known distribution of Ae. albopictus in the state to 69 of 77 counties.

Crouching Tiger, Hidden Trouble: Urban Sources of Aedes albopictus (Diptera: Culicidae) Refractory to Source-Reduction.
By Unlu et al.
PLoS ONE 8(10): e77999., 2013
Full PDF

Unlu I, Farajollahi A, Strickman D, Fonseca DM (2013) Crouching Tiger, Hidden Trouble: Urban Sources of Aedes albopictus (Diptera: Culicidae) Refractory to Source-Reduction. PLoS ONE 8(10): e77999.

Abstract (part)

Aedes albopictus larvae and pupae were found significantly more often than expected in medium volumes of water in buckets and plant saucers but were rarely collected in small volumes of water found in trash items such as discarded cups and cans. They were also absent from large volumes of water such as in abandoned swimming pools and catch basins, although we consistently collected Cx. pipiens from those habitats. The frequency of Ae. albopictus in tires indicated rapid and extensive use of these ubiquitous urban containers. Standard larval-based indices did not correlate with adult catches in BG-Sentinel traps, but when based only on Ae. albopictus key containers (buckets, plant saucers, equipment with pockets of water, and tires) they did. Although we found that only 1.2% of the 20,039 water-holding containers examined contained immature Ae. albopictus (5.3% if only key containers were counted), adult populations were still above nuisance action thresholds six times during the 2009 mosquito season. We conclude that in urban New Jersey, effective source reduction for Ae. albopictus control will require scrupulous and repeated cleaning or treatment of everyday use containers and extensive homeowner collaboration.

 
 
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