Species Aedes albopictus - Asian Tiger Mosquito
Aedes (Stegomyia) albopictus (Skuse): a potential vector of Zika virus in Singapore.By Wong et al.
PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases 7(8): e2348., 2013
Wong PS, Li MZ, Chong CS, Ng LC, Tan CH. 2013. Aedes (Stegomyia) albopictus
(Skuse): a potential vector of Zika virus in Singapore. PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases 7(8): e2348.
BACKGROUND: Zika virus (ZIKV) is a little known arbovirus until it caused a major outbreak in the Pacific Island of Yap in 2007. Although the virus has a wide geographic distribution, most of the known vectors are sylvatic Aedes
mosquitoes from Africa where the virus was first isolated. Presently, Ae. aegypti
is the only known vector to transmit the virus outside the African continent, though Ae. albopictus
has long been a suspected vector. Currently, Ae. albopictus
has been shown capable of transmitting more than 20 arboviruses and its notoriety as an important vector came to light during the recent chikungunya pandemic. The vulnerability of Singapore to emerging infectious arboviruses has stimulated our interest to determine the competence of local Ae. albopictus
to transmit ZIKV.
Aedes albopictus in the United States: rapid spread of a potential disease vector.By Moore CG, Francy DB, Eliason DA, Monath TP.
Journal of the American Mosquito Control Association 4(3):356-61., 1988
Moore CG, Francy DB, Eliason DA, Monath TP. 1988. Aedes albopictus
in the United States: rapid spread of a potential disease vector. Journal of the American Mosquito Control Association 4(3):356-61.
, the Asian "tiger mosquito," was found in Houston, Texas, in 1985. Aedes albopictus
is primarily a forest edge inhabiting species that has readily adapted to the container habitats produced by humans. Although not yet incriminated in the spread of any disease in the Americas, it has been repeatedly implicated in epidemic dengue and dengue hemorrhagic fever transmission in Asia. It is a competent laboratory vector of La Crosse, yellow fever and other viruses, and can transovarially transmit at least 15 viruses.
Isolations of Cache Valley virus from Aedes albopictus (Culicidae) in New Jersey and its role as a region arbovirus vector.By Armstrong et al.
Journal of Medical Entomology. 50(6): 1310-1314. , 2013
Armstrong, P.M., Anderson, J.F., Farajollahi, A., Healy, S.P., Unlu, I., Crepeau, T.N., Gaugler, R., Fonseca, D.M., and Andreadis, T.G. 2013. Isolations of Cache Valley virus from Aedes albopictus (Diptera: Culicidae) in New Jersey and evaluation of its role as a regional arbovirus vector. Journal of Medical Entomology. 50(6): 1310-1314.
The Asian tiger mosquito, Aedes albopictus
(Skuse), is an invasive species and a major pest problem in urban and suburban locales in New Jersey. To assess its potential role as an arbovirus vector, we sampled Ae. albopictus
from two New Jersey counties over a 3-yr period and estimated the prevalence of virus infection by Vero cell culture and reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction assays. Three virus isolates were obtained from 34,567 field-collected Ae. albopictus
, and all were identified as Cache Valley virus by molecular methods. Ae. albopictus
(N 3,138), collected in Mercer County from late July through early September 2011, also were retested for West Nile virus (WNV) by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction, and all were negative. These results corroborate previous findings showing that Ae. albopictus
may occasionally acquire Cache Valley virus, a deer associated arbovirus, in nature. In contrast, we did not detect WNV infection in Ae. albopictus
despite concurrent WNV amplification in this region
Updated Distribution of Aedes albopictus in Oklahoma, and Implications in Arbovirus Transmission.By Noden, B.H., L. Coburn, R. Wright and K. Bradley.
Journal of the American Mosquito Control Association 31(1): 93-96., 2015
Bruce H. Noden, Lisa Coburn, Russell Wright, and Kristy Bradley. 2015. Updated Distribution of Aedes albopictus
in Oklahoma, and Implications in Arbovirus Transmission. Journal of the American Mosquito Control Association 31(1):93-96.
A series of statewide surveys were conducted in Oklahoma in the summers between 1991 and 2004 to identify the distribution of Aedes albopictus
. Adult mosquitoes were identified in 63 counties, bringing the currently known distribution of Ae. albopictus
in the state to 69 of 77 counties.
Crouching Tiger, Hidden Trouble: Urban Sources of Aedes albopictus (Diptera: Culicidae) Refractory to Source-Reduction.By Unlu et al.
PLoS ONE 8(10): e77999., 2013
Unlu I, Farajollahi A, Strickman D, Fonseca DM (2013) Crouching Tiger, Hidden Trouble: Urban Sources of Aedes albopictus (Diptera: Culicidae) Refractory to Source-Reduction. PLoS ONE 8(10): e77999.
larvae and pupae were found significantly more often than expected in medium volumes of water in buckets and plant saucers but were rarely collected in small volumes of water found in trash items such as discarded cups and cans. They were also absent from large volumes of water such as in abandoned swimming pools and catch basins, although we consistently collected Cx. pipiens
from those habitats. The frequency of Ae. albopictus
in tires indicated rapid and extensive use of these ubiquitous urban containers. Standard larval-based indices did not correlate with adult catches in BG-Sentinel traps, but when based only on Ae. albopictus
key containers (buckets, plant saucers, equipment with pockets of water, and tires) they did. Although we found that only 1.2% of the 20,039 water-holding containers examined contained immature Ae. albopictus
(5.3% if only key containers were counted), adult populations were still above nuisance action thresholds six times during the 2009 mosquito season. We conclude that in urban New Jersey, effective source reduction for Ae. albopictus
control will require scrupulous and repeated cleaning or treatment of everyday use containers and extensive homeowner collaboration.