Identification, Images, & Information
For Insects, Spiders & Their Kin
For the United States & Canada

Genus Odontomyia

Soldier Fly Larvae - Odontomyia pubescens soldier fly - Odontomyia pubescens Soldier Fly - Odontomyia virgo - female soldier fly - Odontomyia pilosa - female Odontomyia cincta? - Odontomyia Hedriodiscus? - Odontomyia pilosa - female Soldier Fly - Odontomyia profuscata Odontomyia cincta? - Odontomyia cincta - male
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Diptera (Flies)
No Taxon (Orthorrhapha)
Infraorder Stratiomyomorpha
Family Stratiomyidae (Soldier flies)
Subfamily Stratiomyinae
Tribe Stratiomyini
Genus Odontomyia
Explanation of Names
Odontomyia Meigen 1803
Numbers
31 spp. in our area, in 3 subgenera: Odontomyia s.str. (15), Odontomyiina (7), and Catatasina (9)(1), ~220 spp. total(2)
Size
9-12 mm
Identification
Variable, abdomen usually black, often strongly marked with yellow-green bands. Species identification often requires examination of genitalia.
Key in(3)
Range
much of NA
Habitat
Woodlands, fields, usually near water; larvae are aquatic
Season
Apr-Jun in NC, May-Jul in MN
Food
Adults take nectar, also sometimes found on dung; larvae feed on algae
Life Cycle
Eggs are laid on the edge of body of water. Larvae stick tip of abdomen up through water surface to obtain air.
Print References
Banks, Nathan (1926). Descriptions of a few new American Diptera. Psyche, 33:42-44 (Full Text)
Day, L. T. (1882). The species of Odontomyia found in the United States. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia, 34: 74-88. (Full Text)
James, Maurice T. (1932). New Stratiomyidae in the American Museum of Natura1 History. American Museum Novitates 571: 1-7. (Full Text)
James, Maurice T. (1932). New and little-known Colorado Diptera. Journal of the New York Entomological Society 40(4): 435-438. (Full Text)
James, Maurice T. (1936). The genus Odontomyia in America north of Mexico (Diptera, Stratiomyidae). Annals of the Entomological Society of America, 29:, 517-550 (Full Text)
James, Maurice T. (1939). Notes on my monograph of Odontomyia (Diptera, Stratiomyidae). Bull. Brooklyn Entomol. Soc., 34:220 (Full Text)
James, Maurice T. (1960). The soldier flies or Stratiomyidae of California. Bull. Cal. Insect Surv. 6(5), pp. 79-120 (Full Text)
James, Maurice T. (1974). The status of Odontomyia arcuata Loew, O. inaequalis Loew, and their close relatives in western North America (Diptera: Stratiomyidae). Jour. Kansas Entomol. Soc., 47(2):222-226 (First page from JSTOR)
Johnson, C. W. (1895). A review of the Stratiomyia and Odontomyia of North America. Amer. Ent. Soc. Trans. 22: 227-278, 2 pls. (Full Text)
Loew, Hermann (1866). Diptera Americae septentrionalis indigena. Centuria sexta. Berliner Entomologische Zeitschrift 9(2-4): 127-186 (Full Text)
Loew, Hermann (1872). Diptera Americae septentrionalis indigena. Centuria decima. Berliner Entomologische Zeitschrift 16(1): 49-124. (Full Text)
Works Cited
1.American Insects: A Handbook of the Insects of America North of Mexico
Ross H. Arnett. 2000. CRC Press.
2.A world catalog of the Stratiomyidae (Insecta: Diptera)
Woodley N.E. 2001. North American Dipterists' Society. Washington, DC. 475 pp.
3.The genus Odontomyia in America north of Mexico (Diptera, Stratiomyidae)
M.T. James. 1936. Annals of the Entomological Society of America, 29:, 517-550.