Identification, Images, & Information
For Insects, Spiders & Their Kin
For the United States & Canada
Clickable Guide
Moths Butterflies Flies Caterpillars Flies Dragonflies Flies Mantids Cockroaches Bees and Wasps Walkingsticks Earwigs Ants Termites Hoppers and Kin Hoppers and Kin Beetles True Bugs Fleas Grasshoppers and Kin Ticks Spiders Scorpions Centipedes Millipedes



Species Xylocopa californica - California Carpenter Bee

Carpenter bee - Xylocopa californica Arizona Carpenter Bee? - Xylocopa californica - male 8036852 bee - Xylocopa californica Bombus? - Xylocopa californica Black carpenter bee - Xylocopa californica - male large black and white bee - Xylocopa californica Carpenter Bee species? - Xylocopa californica Female, Arizona Carpenter Bee? - Xylocopa californica - female
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Hymenoptera (Ants, Bees, Wasps and Sawflies)
No Taxon (Aculeata - Ants, Bees and Stinging Wasps)
No Taxon (Apoidea (clade Anthophila) - Bees)
Family Apidae (Cuckoo, Carpenter, Digger, Bumble, and Honey Bees)
Subfamily Xylocopinae (Carpenter and Small carpenter Bees)
Genus Xylocopa (Large Carpenter Bees)
No Taxon (Subgenus Xylocopoides)
Species californica (California Carpenter Bee)
Other Common Names
Western carpenter bee
20-25 mm
Typical large carpenter bee, all black with some bluish/greenish reflections. Male has some lighter markings on pronotum, abdominal segment 1. Compare other Carpenter bees in range, such as X. varipuncta.
Utah, Nevada, California, north to Oregon, south into Mexico.
Forests and nearby meadows
Adults fly in late summer
The Hosts section on its Discover Life species page lists known associations based on specimen records and images.
Print References
Milne describes life history and illustrates X. californica, p. 861, fig. 497 (1)
Powell and Hogue, p. 353--cf. X. varipuncta, fig. 457 (2)
Internet References
University of California Riverside — page on stings and color photo (Web Archive)
Works Cited
1.National Audubon Society Field Guide to Insects and Spiders
Lorus and Margery Milne. 1980. Knopf.
2.California Insects
Jerry A. Powell, Charles L. Hogue. 1989. University of California Press.