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Family Gasteruptiidae - Carrot Wasps

Gasteruption 8 02 09 01a - Gasteruption - male Big ichneumon? - Gasteruption - female unknown hymenoptera - Gasteruption Carrot Wasp - Gasteruption - female wasp - Gasteruption Gasteruptid Wasp - Gasteruption - female Small wasp with long ovipositor - Gasteruption - female Wasp - Gasteruption
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Hymenoptera (Ants, Bees, Wasps and Sawflies)
No Taxon ("Parasitica" (parasitoid Apocrita))
Superfamily Evanioidea (Aulacid, Ensign, and Gasteruptiid Wasps)
Family Gasteruptiidae (Carrot Wasps)
Numbers
15 spp. in a single genus in our area(1), 1500-2000 spp. worldwide (Jennings & Austin 2002), of which ~500 are described (Jennings & Deans 2004)
Size
13-40 mm
Identification
Abdomen slender, very long, and attached to thorax on upper (dorsal) side. Hind tibia expanded. Ovipositor very long. Head is set on a "neck", differentiating from ichneumons.(2)
Range
In our area, more diverse in the north
Food
Larvae are predators or predators-inquilines (consume larval food, not the larvae) of other Hymenoptera that nest in twigs and in wood (Jennings & Deans 2004)
Adults feed at flowers, especially on Apiaceae(3)
Life Cycle
Third instar larvae spin cocoons and overwinter, pupate in spring
Print References
(4)
Works Cited
1.American Insects: A Handbook of the Insects of America North of Mexico
Ross H. Arnett. 2000. CRC Press.
2.A Field Guide to Insects
Richard E. White, Donald J. Borror, Roger Tory Peterson. 1998. Houghton Mifflin Co.
3.The Nearctic species of Gasteruptionidae (Hymenoptera)
Townes H. 1950. Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus. 100(3259): 85-145.
4.Review of the Gasteruptiidae (Hymenoptera) of Eastern North America
David R. Smith. 1996. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington, 98:491-499.