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Genus Arphia

Grasshopper - Arphia simplex - female Arphia, sp?? - Arphia conspersa - male Speckle-winged Rangeland Grasshopper - Arphia conspersa - male Speckle-winged Rangeland Grasshopper (Arphia conspersa) - Arphia conspersa - female grasshopper weatherford1 - Arphia simplex Grasshopper species - Arphia pseudonietana Arphia conspersa - female Red-winged Grasshopper - Arphia pseudonietana - female
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Orthoptera (Grasshoppers, Crickets, Katydids)
Suborder Caelifera (Grasshoppers)
Family Acrididae (Short-horned Grasshoppers)
Subfamily Oedipodinae (Band-winged Grasshoppers)
Tribe Arphiini
Genus Arphia
Numbers
Nearctica.com and Arnett, p. 171 (1), list 11 species.
Size
17-46 mm
Identification
Distinctly ridged pronotum. Hind wings yellow, orange, red, or pinkish.
Range
Much of North America, several species in east.
Habitat
Fields, open woods, grasslands
Season
Depends on species. Some species hatch in spring and are typically adult in summer and fall. Some species overwinter as nymphs and adults are present mostly in late winter to early summer. For A. granulate & simplex in south, seasons of occurrence are ill-defined, and they may be adult year-round.
Food
Mostly grasses, some forbs
Life Cycle
Nymphs of some species overwinter.
Print References
Arnett, p. 171, describes A. sulphureus (1)
Bland, pp. 105-107 (2)
Capinera, pp. 60-63 (3)
Helfer, pp. 111-112 (4)
Internet References
Insects of Cedar Creek: Arphia pseudonietana
North Dakota State University: Arphia pseudonietana
Grasshoppers of Florida--PDF file on Bandwinged Grasshoppers--Subfamily Oedipodinae
Works Cited
1.American Insects: A Handbook of the Insects of America North of Mexico
Ross H. Arnett. 2000. CRC Press.
2.Orthoptera of Michigan
Roger Bland. 2003. Michigan State University Extension.
3.Grasshoppers of Florida (Invertebrates of Florida)
John L. Capinera, Clay W. Scherer, Jason M. Squiter, Jason M. Squitier. 2002. University Press of Florida.
4.How to Know the Grasshoppers, Cockroaches, and Their Allies
Jacques R. Helfer. 1962. Wm. C. Brown Company.