Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
placement in the Pentatomini is tentative at best; may be better suited in the Menidini(1)
key to NA spp. in(4)
(NB: some spp. have been added since); recent key to eastern spp. in(5)
New World; widespread in NA but primarily neotropical(1)
Any ID based on a photo should be considered provisional. --D.B. Thomas, Jr.