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Species Pelochrista similiana - Hodges#3116.1

Unidentified Moth ?? - Pelochrista similiana Moth - Pelochrista similiana garden moth - Pelochrista similiana eucosma similiana - Pelochrista similiana Tortricid - Pelochrista similiana Pennsylvania Moth  - Pelochrista similiana moth 1 - Pelochrista similiana Tortricoidea ? - Pelochrista similiana
Show images of: caterpillars · adults · both
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Lepidoptera (Butterflies and Moths)
Superfamily Tortricoidea (Tortricid Moths)
Family Tortricidae (Tortricid Moths)
Subfamily Olethreutinae
Tribe Eucosmini
Genus Pelochrista
Species similiana (Pelochrista similiana - Hodges#3116.1)
Hodges Number
3116.1
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Pelochrista similiana (Clemens, 1860) (1)
Eucosma similiana (Clemens, 1860)
Poecilochroma similiana Clemens, 1860
Paedisca similana Fernald 1882:42 [misspelling] (2)
Eucosma similana Fernald [1903]
Eucosma dorsisignatana similana Heinrich 1923
Eucosma similiana Miller, W.A., 1985
Eucosma dorsisignatana confluana Kearfott 1905
Eucosma engelana Kearfott 1908
Eucosma dorsisignatana engelana Heinrich 1923
Explanation of Names
Specific epithet from Latin meaning "resembling." Clemens noted that "this insect may be the female of the previous species (P. dorsisignatana)."
Size
Wright (2011) reported the forewing length. (2)
♂ 8.1–11.0 mm (mean = 9.2, n = 32), AR = 2.88
♀ 8.2–10.3 (mean = 9.1, n = 21), AR = 2.75
Identification
Adult: forewing brown with dark brown L-shaped marking with curved edges, beginning at inner margin in AM area and becoming paler toward center of wing; large faint "tooth" (sometimes broken) in subterminal area pointing toward anal angle; hindwing dirty white, shading to pale brown toward outer margin
Range
Northeastern United States and southeastern Canada. (3)
Beadle & Leckie (2012) included the species on the checklist. (4)
Habitat
fields and waste places where goldenrod grows; adults are nocturnal and come to light
Season
adults fly from July to September
Food
larvae feed in rootstalks of goldenrod (Solidago spp.)
Remarks
Misspelling of the specific epithet as "similana" may have resulted from confusion with the Palearctic species Eucosma similana (Schiff.), which is now considered a synonym of Epinotia trigonella (Linnaeus 1758), according to these two United Kingdom websites (1, 2). The Palearctic Epinotia trigonella (=Eucosma similana) [photo 1, photo 2] is obviously a different species than the Nearctic Eucosma similiana

As of 2015, the page at BOLD for similiana is composed of two BIN clusters. One of them here is all similiana. The other here has both similiana and dorsisignatana. The specimens identified as dorsisignatana may be misidentified as they are poorly marked. However, the nearest BIN here is composed of only dorsisignatana. The BOLD page for dorsisignatana is also composed of two BIN clusters, the one previously mentioned and another here which mostly contains example which look like the recently described oraria.
See Also
Pelochrista dorsisignatana - dark mark in median area of forewing is separated from dark subbasal facia and dark subapical mark
Pelochrista oraria - dark mark in median area of forewing is separated from dark subbasal facia but reaches apex
(Paraphrased from Wright, 2011 (2))
Print References
Gilligan, Wright & Gibson, 2008. Olethreutine Moths of the Midwestern United States: p. 111.157. (5)
Wright, D.J., 2011. A new species of Eucosma Hübner (Tortricidae) related to E. dorsisignatana (Clemens) and E. similana (Clemens). Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society. 65 (3). p. 175; figs. 8-12, 20-22, 26, 27. (2)
Clemens, 1860. Contributions to American Lepidopterology. No. 6. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia.. 12: 353
Works Cited
1.Revised world catalogue of Eucopina, Eucosma, Pelochrista, and Phaneta (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae: Eucosmini)
Todd M. Gilligan, Donald J. Wright. 2013. Zootaxa 3746(2): 301–337.
2.A new species of Eucosma Hübner (Tortricidae) related to E. dorsisignatana (Clemens) and E. similiana (Clemens)
Donald J. Wright. 2011. Journal of the Lepidopterists’ Society, 65(3): 175–180.
3. An annotated list of the Lepidoptera of Alberta, Canada
Gregory R. Pohl, Gary G. Anweiler, B. Christian Schmidt, Norbert G. Kondla. 2010. ZooKeys 38: 1–549.
4.Peterson Field Guide to Moths of Northeastern North America
David Beadle and Seabrooke Leckie. 2012. Houghton Mifflin.
5.Olethreutine Moths of the Midwestern United States, An Identification Guide
Gilligan, Todd M., Donald J. Wright, and Loran D. Gibson. 2008. Ohio Biological Survey, P.O. Box 21370, Columbus, Ohio 43221-0370.
6.North American Moth Photographers Group
7.Butterflies of North America