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Species Catocala whitneyi - Whitney's Underwing Moth - Hodges#8843

Erebidae: Catocala whitneyi - Catocala whitneyi Whitney's Underwing Moth - Hodges#8843 - Catocala whitneyi Whitney's Underwing Moth - Hodges#8843 - Catocala whitneyi Whitney's Underwing Moth - Hodges#8843 - Catocala whitneyi Whitney's Underwing Moth - Hodges#8843 - Catocala whitneyi Catocala whitneyi Whitney's Underwing Moth - Hodges#8843 - Catocala whitneyi Whitney's Underwing Moth - Catocala whitneyi
Show images of: caterpillars · adults · both
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Lepidoptera (Butterflies and Moths)
Superfamily Noctuoidea (Owlet Moths and kin)
Family Erebidae
Subfamily Erebinae
Tribe Catocalini
Genus Catocala (Underwings)
Species whitneyi (Whitney's Underwing Moth - Hodges#8843)
Hodges Number
8843
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Catocala whitneyi Dodge, 1874 (1), (2), (3)
Catocala abbreviatella var. whitneyi Dodge, 1874 (4)
Catocala obscura Draudt, 1939 (preocc.)
Phylogenetic sequence #930829
Explanation of Names
Named in honor of insect collector and entomologist Charles Pliny Whitney (1838-1928), of Milford, New Hampshire. A member of the Cambridge Entomological Club, Whitney published notes on Lepidoptera in 1876 and described multiple Tabanidae (Horse and Deer Flies) between 1879 and 1915, some of which collected by the brothers George and Edgar Dodge, who honor him here.
Numbers
Powell & Opler (2009) reported 110 species in all of North America, and about 230 worldwide. (5)
Size
The wingspan averages 45-50 mm.
Identification
The two black triangles on the forewing are distinctive. One is below the antemedial line and the other above the reniform. There is no black basal dash.
Range
Metzler (1987) included Manitoba to Illinois, western Kentucky and Kansas. (1), (6)
The Oklahoma checklist extends the range to include the state. (7)
Heppner (2003) listed Ohio to Florida, Manitoba to Kansas. (8)
Metzler (1987) mentions there are no Ohio specimens in collections, and clarified the type locality as a single location referring to the town of Ohio, Illinois, in Bureau County, not the states of Ohio and Illinois. (1)
Season
The adults are most common from July to August. (6)
Heppner (2003) listed May, July to August for Florida. (8)
Food
Heppner (2003) listed the host plants. (8)
Amorpha canescens Pursh (leadplant)
Quercus sp. (oak)
Robinia sp. (locust)
Print References
Barnes, Wm. & J.H. McDunnough, 1918. Illustrations of the North American species of the genus Catocala. Memoirs of the AMNH 2(1): p.34; Pl.10, f.16-17. (2)
Dodge, G.M., 1874. Catocala whitneyi, N. sp. The Canadian Entomologist, 6: 125. (copies)
Hampson, G.F. 1913. Catalogue of the Lepidoptera Phalaenae in the British Museum, London, 12: 142.
Works Cited
1.The type locality of Catocala whitneyi and reports of this species in Ohio
Eric H. Metzler. 1987. Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society, 41(4): 212-213.
2.Illustrations of the North American species of the genus Catocala.
William Barnes, James Halliday McDunnough. 1918. Memoirs of the AMNH 2(1).
3.Systematics of moths in the genus Catocala (Lepidoptera, Erebidae) IV. Nomenclatorial stabilization of the ....
Lawrence Gall, David Hawks. 2010. Zookeys 39: 37-83.
4.The genus Catocala.
George. D. Hulst. 1884. Bulletin of the Brooklyn Entomological Society 7(1): 14-56.
5.Moths of Western North America
Powell and Opler. 2009. UC Press.
6.North American Moth Photographers Group
7.Oklahoma moth species list by county (PDF)
8.Arthropods of Florida and Neighboring Land Areas: Lepidoptera of Florida
J.B. Heppner. 2003. Florida Department of Agriculture 17(1): 1-670.
9.Bill Oehlke's North American Catocala
10.BOLD: The Barcode of Life Data Systems
11.Butterflies of North America