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Photos of insects and people from the 2015 gathering in Wisconsin, July 10-12

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Photos of insects and people from the 2013 gathering in Arizona, July 25-28

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Books
Data

Anthophila (Apoidea) - Bees

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Bees of the World
By C. O'Toole & A. Raw
Blandford. 192 pp., 1999

Bees of Wisconsin (Hymenoptera: Apoidea: Anthophila)
By A.T. Wolf & J.S. Ascher
The Great Lakes Entomologist 41: 129-168, 2009

The Biology and External Morphology of Bees: With a Synopsis of the Genera of Northwestern America
By W. P. Stephen, G.E. Bohart, and P.F. Torchio
Agricultural Experiment Station, Oregon State University-Corvallis, 1969
Full Text here.

An excellent resource with very detailed discussions of bee morphology, behavior, and biology---from identification to genus, to in-depth coverage of (a surprisingly diverse variety of) nest architectures. Very readable, even though largely written at a technical level. Many helpful diagrams throughout. In particular, nearly every couplet of the key to genera is accompanied by illustrations for clarifying the characters and terms being discussed.

I find this book to be a very interesting and helpful reference...only wish it included all of western (and not just northwestern) America!

The Bees of the World, 2nd edition
By Charles D. Michener
The Johns Hopkins University Press, 2007

The Bee Genera of North and Central America (Hymenoptera:Apoidea)
By Charles D. Michener, Ronald J. McGinley, Bryan N. Danforth
Smithsonian Books, 1994
This work (written in English and Spanish) describes 169 genera of the region. Two keys are inluded: to the families, and to the genera of each family of bees of North and Central America. I find the detailed, and labeled, anatomical drawings useful, even without a microscope. (Of course, specimen and microscope make the work far more useful!)

The Bees of the World
By Charles Duncan Michener
Johns Hopkins University Press, 2000

Naturalization of the oil collecting bee Centris nitida (Hymenoptera, Apidae, Centrini)...
By Pemberton R.W., Liu H.
Florida Entomologist 9: 101-109, 2008
Full title: Naturalization of the oil collecting bee Centris nitida (Hymenoptera, Apidae, Centrini), a potential pollinator of selected native, ornamental, and invasive plants in Florida
Full text

Monographic Study of the Genus Nomadopsis Ashmead.
By Rozen, Jerome G.
University of California Publications in Entomology 15: 1-202, 1958

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