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Species Physonota alutacea - Wild Olive Tortoise Beetle

Eating leaves_3 - Physonota alutacea Wild Olive Tortoise Beetle - Physonota alutacea Physonota alutacea larvae, first (?) instar - Physonota alutacea Physonota alutacea larvae, early instar - Physonota alutacea Physonota alutacea pupa, front view - Physonota alutacea Wild Olive Tortoise Beetle - Physonota alutacea Physonota alutacea Boheman - Physonota alutacea Physonota alutacea Boheman - Physonota alutacea
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Coleoptera (Beetles)
Suborder Polyphaga (Water, Rove, Scarab, Long-horned, Leaf and Snout Beetles)
No Taxon (Series Cucujiformia)
Superfamily Chrysomeloidea (Long-horned and Leaf Beetles)
Family Chrysomelidae (Leaf Beetles)
Subfamily Cassidinae (Tortoise Beetles and the Hispines)
Tribe Ischyrosonychini
Genus Physonota
Species alutacea (Wild Olive Tortoise Beetle)
Explanation of Names
Physonota alutacea Boheman 1854
aluta (L). 'leather' (1)
Numbers
5 spp. n. of Mex. (2)
Size
adults 13 mm
Identification
undisturbed adults are silvery: disturbed adult: ;
Larvae, like others of this genus, are bizarre:
Range
s. TX (Corpus Christi area) to Columbia
Season
Apr-Nov (BG data)
Food
host: Wild Olive - Cordia boissieri (Boraginaceae), a native small tree, frequently cultivated, variously known as Wild Olive, Mexican Olive, Texas Olive, or Anacahuita.
Life Cycle
Larvae gregarious in early stages. Closely associated with hostplant--see above.
Print References
Boheman, C.H., 1854. Monographia Cassididarum. Tomus secundus. Holmiae, 506 pp.
Sanderson, M.W. 1948. Larval, pupal, and adult stages of North American Physonota (Chrysomelidae). Ann. Entomol. Soc. Amer., 41: 468-477.
Williams, J.R. 1950. The introduction of Physonota alutacea Boheman (Col., Cassid.) into Mauritius. Bull. Entomol. Res. 40: 479–480.
Internet References
Texas Entomology - Mike Quinn, 2009
Works Cited
1.Dictionary of Word Roots and Combining Forms
Donald J. Borror. 1960. Mayfield Publishing Company.
2.Catalog of Leaf Beetles of America North of Mexico
Ed Riley, Shawn Clark, and Terry Seeno. 2003. Coleopterists Society.