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Species Parachma ochracealis - Parachma Moth - Hodges#5538

Parachma Moth - top - Parachma ochracealis 5538 Parachma ochracealis - Parachma ochracealis Moth 062014 ID - Parachma ochracealis Parachma Moth - Hodges #5538 - Parachma ochracealis Please help us to identify this moth. - Parachma ochracealis Parachma ochracealis? - Parachma ochracealis Parachma ochracealis? - Parachma ochracealis Yellow moth standing - Parachma ochracealis
Show images of: caterpillars · adults · both
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Lepidoptera (Butterflies and Moths)
Superfamily Pyraloidea (Pyralid and Crambid Snout Moths)
Family Pyralidae (Pyralid Moths)
Subfamily Chrysauginae
Genus Parachma
Species ochracealis (Parachma Moth - Hodges#5538)
Hodges Number
5538
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Parachma ochracealis Walker, 1866
Cashatt (1984) synonymized P. borregalis with P. ochracealis. (1)
Numbers
The only species in this genus in North America.
Size
Wingspan 13-23 mm.
Identification
Adult: forewing variably yellowish-brown, reddish-brown, yellowish-gray, or grayish-brown, slightly flared near base, giving "shouldered" appearance; AM and PM lines pale yellow, almost straight; terminal line dark reddish-brown; fringe pale yellow; hindwing light to medium orangish-brown, usually darker than forewing; fringe pale yellow; at rest, wings are held parallel to the substrate, not roof-like over the abdomen; legs are held at right-angles from the body, displaying heavy scale tufts on tibiae and tarsi
specimens in the southeast are usually darker, more reddish, and smaller; western specimens are usually paler, more yellowish, and larger; specimens along the gulf coast tend to be grayish-brown, but there is a continuous gradation of color and size among and between all forms>
[adapted from description by Everett Cashatt]
Range
Southern United States, west to Arizona, north in the east to coastal plain of Maryland (see distribution map on page 6. (1)
Season
Most records are from March to September, but nearly year round in the southern areas.
Food
Larval food and habits unknown.
See Also
The thick scale tufts on femora, tibiae, and tarsi appear to be distinctive; the similar species covered below all lack one or more of these tufts.

Arta statalis lacks scale tufts on tarsi, forewing not flared near base (lacks "shouldered" appearance) and darker/more reddish, and hindwing is gray.


Arta olivalis has scale tufts on tibiae only (sometimes inconspicuous), straighter AM line, and fringe red at base with yellow at distal end in fresh specimens.



Condylolomia participalis has thick scale tufts on tibiae only, less distinct AM and PM lines, PM area darker, and red fringe.



Basacallis tarachodes lacks scale tufts on tarsi, usually has darker median area, and has black dashes along outer margin and can have some red scales in the fringe.

Print References
Cashatt, Everett D. 1984. Revision of the genus Parachma Walker (Pyralidae: Chrysauginae) of North America north of Mexico with description of a new genus. Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society. 38(4): 268-280. (1)
Internet References
pinned adult image by John Glaser, plus dates (Larry Line, Maryland)