Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Donacaula maximellus (Fernald, 1891)
Schoenobius maximellus Fernald, 1891
There are 12 species of the genus Donacaula
in America north of Mexico. (1)
Fernald (1891) reported a wingspan of 63 mm.
Powell & Opler (2009) reported Donacaula maximellus
and D. mellinella
are among the largest of the group with forewing lengths 11-25 mm(3)
, but those numbers are at odds with Martinez's 2010 dissertation on the genus which gives FW lengths for mellinella
as 21-34 mm and for maximellus
as 32-58 mm(2)
Eastern North America, Ontario to Florida.(4)
Powell & Opler (2009) reported the species is likely found near wet areas across the western United States.(3)
Blanchard (1963) reported Zizaniopsis miliacea (Michx.) Doell & Aschers (Southern wild rice).
Blanchard (1963) describes the life history in PDF.
This is a poorly understood group and identification from photos is difficult.
Blanchard, A., 1963. Contributions to the life history of Schoenobius maximellus
(Pyralididiae). Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society.
, 17(4): 234
. full text PDF
Fernald, C.H., 1891. New North American Microlepidoptera. The Canadian Entomologist
, 23(2). p. 30
Martinez, E.L., 2010. A revision of the New World species of Donacaula
Meyrick and a phylogenetic analysis of related Schoenobiinae (Lepidoptera: Crambidae). Ph.D. dissertation, Miss. State Univ.(2)
Powell, J.A. & P.A. Opler, 2009. Moths of Western North America
. University of California Press, plate 21, fig. 35; p. 170. (3)