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Species Donacaula maximellus - Hodges#5324

Donacaula maximellus Donacaula maximellus Donacaula maximellus Donacaula maximellus Moth - Donacaula maximellus Moth - Donacaula maximellus Moth - Donacaula maximellus
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Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Lepidoptera (Butterflies and Moths)
Superfamily Pyraloidea (Pyralid and Crambid Snout Moths)
Family Crambidae (Crambid Snout Moths)
Subfamily Schoenobiinae
Genus Donacaula
Species maximellus (Donacaula maximellus - Hodges#5324)
Hodges Number
5324
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Donacaula maximellus (Fernald, 1891)
Schoenobius maximellus Fernald, 1891
Numbers
There are 12 species of the genus Donacaula in America north of Mexico. (1), (2)
Size
Fernald (1891) reported a wingspan of 63 mm.
Powell & Opler (2009) reported Donacaula maximellus and D. mellinella are among the largest of the group with forewing lengths 11-25 mm(3), but those numbers are at odds with Martinez's 2010 dissertation on the genus which gives FW lengths for mellinella as 21-34 mm and for maximellus as 32-58 mm(2).
Identification
Range
Eastern North America, Ontario to Florida.(4)
Powell & Opler (2009) reported the species is likely found near wet areas across the western United States.(3)
Food
Blanchard (1963) reported Zizaniopsis miliacea (Michx.) Doell & Aschers (Southern wild rice).
Life Cycle
Blanchard (1963) describes the life history in PDF.
See Also
This is a poorly understood group and identification from photos is difficult.
Print References
Blanchard, A., 1963. Contributions to the life history of Schoenobius maximellus (Pyralididiae). Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society., 17(4): 234. full text PDF
Fernald, C.H., 1891. New North American Microlepidoptera. The Canadian Entomologist, 23(2). p. 30.
Martinez, E.L., 2010. A revision of the New World species of Donacaula Meyrick and a phylogenetic analysis of related Schoenobiinae (Lepidoptera: Crambidae). Ph.D. dissertation, Miss. State Univ.(2)
Powell, J.A. & P.A. Opler, 2009. Moths of Western North America. University of California Press, plate 21, fig. 35; p. 170. (3)