Identification, Images, & Information
For Insects, Spiders & Their Kin
For the United States & Canada
Clickable Guide
Moths Butterflies Flies Caterpillars Flies Dragonflies Flies Mantids Cockroaches Bees and Wasps Walkingsticks Earwigs Ants Termites Hoppers and Kin Hoppers and Kin Beetles True Bugs Fleas Grasshoppers and Kin Ticks Spiders Scorpions Centipedes Millipedes



Genus Enicospilus

Ichneumon?? - Enicospilus purgatus Ichneumon Wasp - Enicospilus purgatus Ophioninae - Enicospilus purgatus - female Ophioninae - Enicospilus purgatus - female Enicospilus purgatus? - Enicospilus purgatus Enicospilus Tryphoninae?? - Enicospilus purgatus Enicospilus purgatus
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Hymenoptera (Ants, Bees, Wasps and Sawflies)
No Taxon ("Parasitica" - Parasitoid Wasps)
Superfamily Ichneumonoidea (Braconid and Ichneumonid Wasps)
Family Ichneumonidae (Ichneumonid Wasps)
Subfamily Ophioninae (Short-tailed Ichneumonid Wasps)
Genus Enicospilus
Explanation of Names
Enicospilus Stephens 1835
Greek ἑνικός 'single' + σπῖλος 'spot'
23 described spp. in our area arranged into 4 species groups(1)(2), ~700 total

undulatus group: americanus complex
1. Enicospilus aktites Gauld, 1988: s. FL
2. Enicospilus americanus (Christ, 1791): NS west to MN, south to FL, s. TX, & e. CA
3. Enicospilus cushmani Gauld, 1988: eastern North America
4. Enicospilus glabratus (Say, 1836): MD south to FL, west to s. CA
5. Enicospilus lebophagus Gauld, 1988: s. TX
6. Enicospilus peigleri Gauld, 1988: southern U.S.
7. Enicospilus sarukhani Gauld, 1988: CA
8. Enicospilus texanus (Ashmead, 1890): ne. CA, NY, OH, TX, sw. VA, WA

dispilus group
9. Enicospilus arcuatus (Felt, 1902): MA west to IL, south to GA & MI
10. Enicospilus cressoni: FL
11. Enicospilus fernaldi: FL
12. Enicospilus flavostigma Hooker, 1912: CA to FL, north to NS (BG + iNat data)
13. Enicospilus guatemalensis (Cameron, 1886): TX west to FL, north to WY, OK, KY, & NH (BG + iNat data)
14. Enicospilus opleri: FL
15. Enicospilus orosii: FL
16. Enicospilus ulfstrandi: FL, TX

ramidulus group
17. Enicospilus doylei: FL, LA
18. Enicospilus neotropicus: FL
19. Enicospilus purgatus: QC west to se. AK, south to FL, s. TX, & s. CA

trilineatus group
20. Enicospilus appendiculatus Felt, 1902: AL, FL, NC, NJ, SC
21. Enicospilus cubensis (Norton, 1863): FL
22. Enicospilus trilineatus Fabricius, 1775 (E. flavus auct.): FL, TX

??? - unknown to Gauld
23. Enicospilus bifoveolatus Brulle, 1846: PA
Some diagnostic characters for genus Enicospilus (cf. key and figures 16 & 25 in Broad(2006), and reference images here) are:
the discosubmarginal cell (horsehead-shaped cell below the leading wing edge) extends beyond vein 2m-cu;
transparent oval (inside discosubmarginal cell) in the otherwise papillate wing [note at least some Enicospilus spp. have two spots in this oval];
adventitious (or "spurious") vein in cell 3Cu, parallel to the wing margin.
See Also
compare wing venation: Ophion Enicospilus
Print References
Gauld I.D. (1988) The species of the Enicospilus americanus complex (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae) in eastern North America. [b] Systematic Entomology 13: 31-53.