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Subfamily Ceratopogoninae

Fly gray fly Biting Midge - Sphaeromias longipennis - female Ceratopogonidae - female Black fly with yellow and black legs - Palpomyia - female Fly IMG_0752 - Culicoides - female Predaceous Midge - Alluaudomyia needhami - female Blue Headed Biting Midge - Lateral - Bezzia
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Diptera (Flies)
No Taxon ("Nematocera" (Non-Brachycera))
Infraorder Culicomorpha (Mosquitoes and Midges)
Family Ceratopogonidae (Biting Midges)
Subfamily Ceratopogoninae
Numbers
the largest subfamily, with 00 spp. in [34] genera in our area(1) and ~3700 spp. in 107 genera worldwide, arranged in 6 tribes (all six are represented in NA; not yet in the Guide: the largely neotropical Stenoxenini, with 2 genera, represented by a single sp. each north of Mexico)(2)
Habitat
Streams, lakes, ponds, sphagnum bogs
Food
Females of Culicoides are parasites of vertebrates. Females of other genera are predators of insects. Most females of Sphaeromiini, Palpomyiini, and Stenoxenini eat their mates.
Remarks
Tribes Culicoidini and Ceratopogonini have media petiolate, i.e. forking after R-M crossvein, or have base of M2 absent. The other tribes have media sessile, forking before crossvein, and have base of M2 present.
Print References
Downs, J.A. 1978. Feeding and mating in the insectivorous Ceratopogoninae (Diptera). Memoirs of the Entomological Society of Canada 104.
Willis W. Wirth and William L. Grogan, Jr. 1979. Biting midges (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae). 2: the species of the tribes Heteromyiini and Sphaeromiini. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 91:847-903. (BHL)