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Species Paragonatas divergens

Paragonatas divergens (Distant) - Paragonatas divergens
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Hemiptera (True Bugs, Cicadas, Hoppers, Aphids and Allies)
Suborder Heteroptera (True Bugs)
Infraorder Pentatomomorpha
Superfamily Lygaeoidea
Family Rhyparochromidae (Dirt-colored Seed Bugs)
Subfamily Rhyparochrominae
Tribe Lethaeini
Genus Paragonatas
Species divergens (Paragonatas divergens)
Explanation of Names
Paragonatas divergens (Distant 1882)
Range
s. TX & s. FL to S. America, W. Indies;
1st confirmed US record: Key Largo, FL, Jan 1991 (light trap);
1st record in TX: Sabal Palm Sanctuary, Brownsville Oct 2013 (Dobbs & Brambila 2004, Dobbs & Henry 2008, BG data)
Season
Jan-Apr in FL (Dobbs & Henry 2008)
Life Cycle
An ubiquitous ground-dwelling species in the West Indies that apparently feeds on fallen seed of a variety of plants characteristic of old field habitats(1)
Remarks
the most common lethaeine in the New World (O’Donnell 1986) yet unknown in the US until recently, although it has been intercepted numerous times on imported commodities in FL, TX, CA, and 5 other states (Dobbs & Brambila 2004)
Print References
Dobbs T.T., Brambila J. (2004) Paragonatas di­vergens (Hemiptera: Rhyparochromidae): First confirmed record for Florida and the United States. Florida Entomologist 87: 591-592. Full text
Dobbs T.T., Henry T.J. (2008) Update on the establishment of Paragonatas divergens (Hemiptera: Rhyparochromidae) in Florida. Florida Entomologist 91: 477-478. Full text
O’Donnell J.E. (1986) Systematics of Western Hemisphere Lethaeini (Heteroptera: Lygaeidae: Rhyparochrominae). Doctoral Dissertation, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT.
Palmer W.A., Bennett F.D. (1988) The phytophagous insect fauna associated with Baccharis halimifolia L. in the eastern United States. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 90: 216-228. Full text
Works Cited
1.The Lygaeidae of Florida (Hemiptera: Lygaeidae).
Slater & Baranowski. 1990. Florida Dept. of Ag. and Consumer Services, Gainesville. xv + 211 pp.