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Family Scathophagidae - Dung Flies

ID Request - Scathophaga suilla Scathophagidae - Scathophaga Fly Scathophaga  - Scathophaga Fly Golden Dung Fly - Scathophaga - male - female Unknown Fly - Sciomyzidae? Fly to ID, possibly Scathophaga - Scathophaga furcata - male
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Diptera (Flies)
No Taxon (Calyptratae)
Superfamily Muscoidea
Family Scathophagidae (Dung Flies)
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
misspelled 'Scatophagidae' in some sources (a taxon with that name is a family of fish)
used to be treated as a subfamily in the Muscidae or Anthomyiidae(1)
Explanation of Names
Scathophagidae Robineau-Desvoidy 1830
Numbers
ca. 150 spp. in almost 40 genera in our area(2), >400 spp. in ~60 genera worldwide(3)(4)
Genera of our fauna with species numbers per(1) (needs updating)
Acanthocnema (2 spp. widespread, 1 sp. eastern)
Acerocnema (2 spp., widespread)
Allomyella (6 spp., arctic)
Americina (1 sp., eastern)
Brooksiella (1 sp., boreal/western)
Bucephalina (2 spp. eastern, 1 sp. western)
Ceratinostoma (1 sp., Atlantic coast, littoral)
Chaetosa (4 spp., 2 subgenera, widespread)
Cordilura (44 spp. in multiple subgenera, widspread)
Cordylurella (2 spp., eastern)
Cosmetopus (1 sp., boreal)
Delina (1 sp., boreal)
Dromogaster (1 sp., central/western)
Ernoneura (1 sp., arctic)
Gimnomera (4 spp., widespread)
Gonarcticus (2 spp., arctic/boreal)
Gonatherus (1 sp., boreal)
Hexamitocera (1 sp., northwestern)
Huckettia (1 sp., arctic)
Hydromyza (1 sp., widespread)
Megaphthalma (1 sp., widespread)
Megaphthalmoides (1 sp., widespread)
Microprosopa (6 spp., widespread)
Nanna (9 spp., widespread)
Neochirosia (3 spp., widespread)
Neorthacheta (1 sp., eastern)
Norellisoma (1 sp., widespread)
Okeniella (1 sp., low arctic)
Orthacheta (3 spp., widespread)
Parallelomma (1 sp., widespread)
Peratomyia (1 sp., central/western)
Plethochaeta (2 spp., widespread)
Pleurochaetella (1 sp., arctic)
Pogonota (3 spp. boreal, 2 spp. arctic)
Scathophaga (27 spp., widespread)
Spaziphora (1 sp., widespread)
Staegeria (1 sp., boreal)
Synchysa (1 sp., widespread)
Trichopalpus (1 sp., boreal)
Size
3-11 mm(1)
Identification
Cruciate interfrontal setae absent or reduced to hairs, katepisternum or sternopleuron usually with only one seta on posterior end, but sometimes variable, ventral surface of scutellum bare, costa usually without spinules
Habitat
Some larvae live in dung, others are leaf miners, stem-borers or feed in seed capsules, still others are aquatic predators and predators on other insect larvae in wet situations
Food
Larvae of Delininae are leaf miners in Liliaceae, Orchidaceae, and Commelinaceae. Larvae of Scathophaginae have been reported as phytophagous (especially in
See Also
Heleomyzidae (esp. Suilla) may look superficially similar
Works Cited
1.Manual of Nearctic Diptera Volume 2
Varies for each chapter; edited by J.F. McAlpine, B.V. Petersen, G.E. Shewell, H.J. Teskey, J.R. Vockeroth, D.M. Wood. 1987. Research Branch Agriculture Canada.
2.American Insects: A Handbook of the Insects of America North of Mexico
Ross H. Arnett. 2000. CRC Press.
3.USDA Diptera Site (now closed)
4.Order Diptera Linnaeus, 1758. In: Zhang Z.-Q. (ed.) Animal biodiversity: An outline of higher-level classification...
Pape T., Blagoderov V., Mostovski M.B. 2011. Zootaxa 3148: 222–229.