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Species Papaipema eryngii - Rattlesnake-master borer moth - Hodges#9494

Papaipema eryngii - male Rattlesnake-master Borer Moth - Papaipema eryngii Rattlesnake-master Borer Moth - Papaipema eryngii Rattlesnake-master Borer Moth - Papaipema eryngii Rattlesnake-master Borer Moth - Papaipema eryngii Rattlesnake-master Borer Moth - Papaipema eryngii Rattlesnake-master Borer Moth - Papaipema eryngii
Show images of: caterpillars · adults · both
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Lepidoptera (Butterflies and Moths)
Superfamily Noctuoidea (Owlet Moths and kin)
Family Noctuidae (Owlet Moths)
Subfamily Noctuinae (Cutworm or Dart Moths)
Tribe Apameini
Genus Papaipema (Borer Moths)
Species eryngii (Rattlesnake-master borer moth - Hodges#9494)
Hodges Number
9494
Other Common Names
Eryngium Root Borer - USFS, Illinois DNR
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Papaipema eryngii Bird, 1917
Phylogenetic sequence # 932469
Numbers
Lafontaine & Schmidt (2010) listed 47 species of the genus Papaipema in America north of Mexico. (1)
Size
wingspan 35-48 mm (Bird 1917)
Identification
Image (MPG)
Range
limited dist. in AR, IL, KY, NC, OK - Map - FWS (Counties)
Habitat
Apparently restricted to mesic prairies and associated wetlands in the midwest - NatureServe
Season
univoltine in Illinois, with adults on the wing for mid-September through early October - USFS
Food
only known larvae host is rattlesnakemaster (Eryngium yuccafolium, Apiaceae) - Range - USDA
a population of 100-1000 rattlesnake master plants needs to be present for P. eryngii to persist - USFS
Remarks
FWS Listing Status: Candidate
Considered by Oklahoma to be a "Species of Greatest Conservation Need" (SGCN) (2)(3)
Listed as endangered in Illinois since 1991 - Illinois DNR
Print References
Bird, H., 1917. New species and histories in Papaipema SM. (Lepidoptera) No. 19. The Canadian Entomologist. 49(4): 125.
Hessel, S.A. 1954. A guide to collecting the plant-boring larvae of the genus Papaipema (Noctuidae). Lepid. News. 8: 57-63.
Panzer, R.J. 1998. Insect Conservation within the severely fragmented eastern tallgrass prairie landscape. Ph.D. thesis Graduate College of the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.
Schweitzer, D.F. 1999. Papaipema moths with emphasis on prairie species. Element Management record, Current version date: 1999-12-01. In: Natureserve 2004. NatureServe Central Databases. Arlington, Virginia.