Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Catorama Guérin-Méneville 1850, Hemiptychus LeConte 1865, Cathorama Gemminger & Harold 1869, Xylotheca Reitter 1897
Explanation of Names
name alludes to the 3-segmented antennal club
84 spp. (and 5 sspp.) in our area(1)
, >30 more described spp. in the neotropics
Mesosternum between mesocoxae produced into a hump or hook (diagnostic); antennae 10-segmented; pubescence of the body fine and recumbent; prothoracic tibiae almost always striate.
for species identification, see(2)
; add'l sp. described in(3)
Species tend to be variable, and very hard to key out using existing literature. Further work is needed to resolve species limits.
New World; many neotropical spp., mostly undescribed; a few spp. have been spread by commerce over (sub)tropical regions of the world, at least one naturalized in so. Africa
Diverse: apparently mostly plant seeds, also galls, dead stems/twigs, fungi, and stored products (e.g. T. herbarius