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TaxonomyBrowse
Info
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Genus Camptocosa

Sonoran desert spider - Camptocosa spider with egg sac. Rabidosa? - Camptocosa parallela - female spider with egg sac. Rabidosa? - Camptocosa parallela - female Spider - Camptocosa Spider on wall - Camptocosa Spider - Camptocosa parallela Spider - Camptocosa parallela
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Chelicerata (Chelicerates)
Class Arachnida (Arachnids)
Order Araneae (Spiders)
Infraorder Araneomorphae (True Spiders)
No Taxon (Entelegynes )
Family Lycosidae (Wolf Spiders)
Genus Camptocosa
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
This was a new genus erected by Dondale, Jiménez & Nieto (2005) based on the type species Allocosa parallela (Banks, 1898).
Explanation of Names
Dondale, Jiménez & Nieto, 2005
On name etymology, quote: "The name Camptocosa is derived from the Greek word kamptos, meaning bent, and cosa, from the Greek Lycosa, a genus of wolf spiders. The name refers to the distinctively bent tip of the median apophysis on the palpus of the male. The name is regarded as feminine in gender."(1)
Numbers
2 species in BugGuide's range (North America north of Mexico).(2)
Identification
Adult males have a conspicuous brush of black hairs on their front tibiae (same as some Schizocosa), but females do not. Males and females both have dark bands/annulations on the fourth metatarsi, sometimes more distinctive in females. See Slowik & Cushing (2008) for carapace diagrams; they are different in each of the two species in this genus.
Range
Camptocosa parallela: southwestern states (Arizona, California, southern Nevada, New Mexico, southern Utah, Texas).(1)
Camptocosa texana: southwestern states (so far, published records include only Arizona(3) & Texas(1)).
See Also
Carapace patterns are similar to some Schizocosa, Rabidosa, and Pardosa (e.g. P. distincta). Male black tibial brushes on front legs similar to some males in Schizocosa.
Works Cited
1.A new genus of wolf spiders from Mexico and southern United States, with description of a new species from Texas (Araneae: Lycos
Charles Dondale, Maria-Luisa Jiménez, & Gisela Nieto. 2005. Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad 76: 41-44.
2.The World Spider Catalog by Norman I. Platnick
3.A description of the female wolf spider Camptocosa texana (Araneae, Lycosidae)
Jozef Slowik & Paula Cushing. 2008. Journal of Arachnology 35: 543-545.