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Family Piophilidae - Cheese Skippers and kin

Skipper Fly - Prochyliza xanthostoma - male Skipper Fly Interactions - Prochyliza xanthostoma Lauxaniid? - Actenoptera fly associated with carrion - Prochyliza xanthostoma - male Waltzing Fly - Prochyliza xanthostoma - female Waltzing Fly - Prochyliza xanthostoma - female Fly on Sycamore - Protopiophila latipes small fly sp. - Prochyliza xanthostoma
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Diptera (Flies)
No Taxon ("Acalyptratae")
Superfamily Tephritoidea
Family Piophilidae (Cheese Skippers and kin)
Explanation of Names
Piophilidae Macquart 1835
The common name refers to the larva's ability to make long jumps by grasping its "tail" in its mouth and then suddenly releasing it. They generally breed in rancid fats. (Eric Eaton)
Numbers
~60 spp. in 14 genera in our area, >80 spp. in 14 genera total(1)
Size
3-6 mm(2)
Range
worldwide; by far most diverse in the temperate and boreal regions of the Northern Hemisphere; many spp. of Piophilinae are Holarctic, and a few are cosmopolitan(2)
Remarks
In the Mediterranean island of Sardinia, the larvae are intentionally introduced into pecorino cheese to produce the characteristic casu marzu ("rotten cheese" in Sardinian).
Works Cited
1.Order Diptera Linnaeus, 1758. In: Zhang Z.-Q. (ed.) Animal biodiversity: An outline of higher-level classification...
Pape T., Blagoderov V., Mostovski M.B. 2011. Zootaxa 3148: 222–229.
2.Manual of Nearctic Diptera Volume 2
Varies for each chapter; edited by J.F. McAlpine, B.V. Petersen, G.E. Shewell, H.J. Teskey, J.R. Vockeroth, D.M. Wood. 1987. Research Branch Agriculture Canada.