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Family Piophilidae - Cheese Skippers and kin

fly associated with carrion - Prochyliza xanthostoma - male Mycetaulus Prochyliza xanthostoma - male Piophilidae, Waltzing Fly, dorsal - Prochyliza xanthostoma - female Fly on Deer Bone - Prochyliza xanthostoma - female Fly for ID - Prochyliza xanthostoma - male Antler fly, Protopiophila litigata - Protopiophila litigata - female Prochyliza xanthostoma? - Prochyliza xanthostoma
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Diptera (Flies)
No Taxon ("Acalyptratae")
Superfamily Tephritoidea
Family Piophilidae (Cheese Skippers and kin)
Explanation of Names
Piophilidae Macquart 1835
The common name refers to the larva's ability to make long jumps by grasping its "tail" in its mouth and then suddenly releasing it. They generally breed in rancid fats. (Eric Eaton)
~60 spp. in 14 genera in our area, >80 spp. in 14 genera total(1)
3-6 mm(2)
worldwide; by far most diverse in the temperate and boreal regions of the Northern Hemisphere; many spp. of Piophilinae are Holarctic, and a few are cosmopolitan(2)
In the Mediterranean island of Sardinia, the larvae are intentionally introduced into pecorino cheese to produce the characteristic casu marzu ("rotten cheese" in Sardinian).
Works Cited
1.Order Diptera Linnaeus, 1758. In: Zhang Z.-Q. (ed.) Animal biodiversity: An outline of higher-level classification...
Pape T., Blagoderov V., Mostovski M.B. 2011. Zootaxa 3148: 222–229.
2.Manual of Nearctic Diptera Volume 2
Varies for each chapter; edited by J.F. McAlpine, B.V. Petersen, G.E. Shewell, H.J. Teskey, J.R. Vockeroth, D.M. Wood. 1987. Research Branch Agriculture Canada.